Deng Xiaoping

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Deng Xiaoping

A 20th-century Chinese statesman. Active in the Communist Party of China throughout his entire career, he served as China's de facto leader from 1978 until 1992. He was the major force behind China's pro-market reforms, including the establishment of a private sector and the acceptance of international trade. His reforms are credited with turning China into a global economic player. Deng lived from 1904 to 1997.
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His successor, Deng Xiao-ping, himself a target of the Red Guards during the Cultural Revolution, took a moderate course more along the lines of traditional Marxist socialism, whereby law and regulation, rather than force, are the preferred methods of achieving social change.