Consider the example of an adverse demand shock
, shown on the right-hand side - that is, investors will want to sell bonds as the economic outlook improves and expectations of higher rates mount.
To better understand export diversification in Lebanon, while taking into account highly sophisticated domains of production and an absence of a policy-driven structural change, the literature has attributed changes in sophistication levels in different countries to two key causes: A productivity shock or a demand shock
During the initial phase of the crisis, in 2008-2009, companies have mainly suffered from the adverse effects of negative demand shock
If oil and stock prices move in the same direction, QNB interprets this as being caused by a demand shock
Second, we find that in the presence of a positive technology shock on the final output sector and a positive demand shock
on preferences, RES production growth is higher with an energy policy intervention based on a stock of public capital than with a monetary subsidy.
We include the BDI in the model to determine whether the demand curve for oil shifts because of a global demand shock
or an oil-specific demand shock
The restrictions applied are as general as possible--that prices and quantities move in the same direction following a demand shock
and inversely following a supply shock.
It prefers being an informed Stackelberg follower to being an uninformed simultaneous move Cournot player when the variance of the demand shock
is high, and Stackelberg competition therefore arises endogenously.
r,t]]) we assume five exogenous shocks that contemporaneously affects endogenous variables demand shock
A rise in the policy interest rate, for example, will be interpreted partially as a central bank attempt to offset a projected positive demand shock
and partially as an attempt to contract real output to offset a positive cost shock.
One does not have to be a hardcore Keynesian to wonder what the effect would be of such a demand shock
on the U.
Aspachs-Bracons and Rabanal study the response of the Spanish economy in a currency union to fluctuations in housing prices and residential investment: a decrease in interest rates and a positive housing demand shock
lead to a rise in both final consumption and residential investment.