Our results showed for the first time that [[beta].sub.3]-AR is relevant for declarative memory
acquisition and consolidation, since its absence in mice significantly impaired these processes despite an overexpression of Adrb2 in the hippocampus.
The cognitive system of the woman divides the content of this brand-related story in chunks that are grouped in the declarative memory
to form a Y-related cue, as, "Y is healthy food." If the woman is unable to judge the coherence of this cue to her mental frameworks, she explores the assumptions and consequences of the cue.
Episodic memory composite score and the WAIS-III Vocabulary subtest were chosen as a convergent validity for the SEM considering that episodic and semantic memory share common long term declarative memory
characteristics and the vocabulary measure is also used as a single assessment of semantic memory.
Long-term consolidation of declarative memory
: insight from temporal lobe epilepsy.
In animals, typical protocols to test declarative memory
are those testing spatial memory, recognition memory, and in general associative memory.
Each of the modules in figure 4 can be seen as unitary or further decomposed into multiple modules or submodules, such as multiple perceptual and motor modalities, multiple working memory buffers, semantic versus episodic declarative memory
, and various stages of procedural matching, selection and execution.
These studies led to the dominant idea that regions in the MTL, and, in particular, the hippocampus, are specifically involved in explicit or declarative memory
. Recent experiments that have made use of brain imaging techniques lend support to this notion (Davachi, Mitchell, & Wagner, 2003; Nyberg, McIntosh, Houle, Nilsson, & Tulving, 1996; Schacter & Wagner 1999; cf.
Thompson-Schill, "Interfering with theories of sleep and memory: sleep, declarative memory
, and associative interference," Current Biology, vol.
Working memory is more sensitive than declarative memory
to the acute effects of corticosteroids: a dose-response study in humans.
The types of memory that become encoded are declarative memory
, which is made up of episodic and semantic memory and, procedural or implicit memory.
Stickgold and Walker'study (2005) brings evidence that human declarative memory
consolidation during sleep is more mixed, with older studies showing inconsistent evidence of a role for sleep, but more recent findings suggesting a strong role for early night, when the concurrent reductions in some neurotransmitters release may contribute to the consolidation process.
Objective: Current theories of declarative memory
suggest that it is supported by two complementary memory systems: the medial temporal lobe (MTL) which specializes in rapid acquisition of novel associations and the neocortex, which slowly learns through environmental regularities.