decentralization

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decentralization

the relocation of managerial AUTHORITY and RESPONSIBILITY to a lower level in the ORGANIZATION. A restructuring of a FUNCTIONAL STRUCTURE to a PRODUCT-BASED STRUCTURE will generally involve some degree of decentralization, especially regarding operational (but not strategic) matters. DELAYERING often involves decentralization from middle management to LINE MANAGERS. See CENTRALIZATION, ORGANIZATIONAL ANALYSIS.

decentralization

the diffusion of economic decision-making to many different decision-makers rather than concentrating such decision-making centrally. In an economy this is achieved by the adoption of the PRICE SYSTEM, which devolves decisions to individual consumers and suppliers. In a firm, decentralization involves delegating authority to make decisions ‘down the line’ to particular divisions and departments. See PRIVATE ENTERPRISE ECONOMY, MFORM ORGANIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the latter, decentralist countercultural activities figure as a fifth column that ultimately collapsed a more traditional people's movement and revealed the necessity of returning to Old Left organizational discipline.
(74) Like other decentralist reformers of his time, Brandeis argued that the problem with market concentration was political--not simply economic.
Taylor's great exemplar of this decentralist tradition is Thomas Jefferson, in whom most of these tensions can be found.
Yet, as a decentralist, I do appreciate the move toward independence in as many spheres as you can.
(Although Jeffrey is correct in noting a difference between right-wing Liberals and decentralists, the exceptions tend to prove the general rule that the business community and its political minions favour provincial rights.
Yes, yes, if I had to, I would go along with Huebert and urge the decentralist position: when Louisiana violates my rights, it is a lot easier to move to Mississippi, than to locate to an entirely different country when the U.S.
The notion of state interposition, or state nullification of unconstitutional federal laws, is a concept as old as our Republic; Mack's proposal to extend it to the county sheriff level merely adds a new decentralist twist.
"The New Agrarians represented the one serious attempt in modern America to create a 'third way' in politics, one not easily fit onto the conventional liberal-conservative, or left-right spectrum."--The New Agrarian Mind: The Movement Toward Decentralist Thought in Twentieth-Century America (New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers, 2004), 5.
Kropotkin, long before his time, is often pigeonholed as an anarchist, but he is really a decentralist over our currently ever more centralized corporate approach to necessities of life.
SANDEL, DEMOCRACY'S DISCONTENT: AMERICA IN SEARCH OF A PUBLIC PHILOSOPHY 211-27 (1996) (finding both technocratic centralizing and decentralist strands in Progressivism).
Stephen Harper has pursued an admittedly decentralist agenda since becoming Prime Minister in 2006.
Like his colleagues, Scott directed a good deal of his energy towards arguing for a rebalanced federalism and criticizing the Privy Council's decentralist reading of the Constitution, but his vision of constitutional law also explicitly incorporated the state's treatment of individual citizens.