decentralization

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decentralization

the relocation of managerial AUTHORITY and RESPONSIBILITY to a lower level in the ORGANIZATION. A restructuring of a FUNCTIONAL STRUCTURE to a PRODUCT-BASED STRUCTURE will generally involve some degree of decentralization, especially regarding operational (but not strategic) matters. DELAYERING often involves decentralization from middle management to LINE MANAGERS. See CENTRALIZATION, ORGANIZATIONAL ANALYSIS.

decentralization

the diffusion of economic decision-making to many different decision-makers rather than concentrating such decision-making centrally. In an economy this is achieved by the adoption of the PRICE SYSTEM, which devolves decisions to individual consumers and suppliers. In a firm, decentralization involves delegating authority to make decisions ‘down the line’ to particular divisions and departments. See PRIVATE ENTERPRISE ECONOMY, MFORM ORGANIZATION.
References in periodicals archive ?
As counterculturalism outpaced political discipline in the Movement at large, the politicos responded by trying to theorize how a variegated people's movement might be held together, reproducing the tension between Marxist centralism and anarchist decentralism.
Perhaps there is a hidden, fragmented, inarticulate majority out there yearning for another Bryan, La Follette, or Reagan to lead America back on the path of Jeffersonian decentralism.
By contrast, the "principle of decentralism," Goodman wrote, dictated that "authority is delegated away from the top as much as possible and there are many accommodating centers of policy-making and decision.
Other bills will have a bearing - possibly major - such as the Decentralism and Localism Bill which could give a greate r p o wers to l o c a l cou n -cils on h o u s -ing and planning issues.
The Agreement stipulates the implementation of a strong centralism alongside decentralism (See Ta'ef Agreement--III.
When we speak about decentralism, it is the community foundations that are then relied upon.
It must be noted that this decentralism enables us to achieve one of the objectives, that of a scalable multicast server.
The decentralism under the Accord was expected to give unions a meaningful workplace presence, and members and local representatives could look forward to real tasks and positive results around which to recruit and grow (Pocock, 1996).
North's move towards using the social to explain the difference between different communities' economic and political success, and to use this as a justification of decentralism, is paralleled in other new institutionalist writing.
This does not mean abandoning the principles and ideals undergirding the movement (such as freedom, cooperation, decentralism, solidarity, diversity, face-to-face participation, and the like); it merely means recognizing the limits of direct democracy as it is practiced in the context of a demonstration.
What they all capture is some notion of inverting the old practice of democratic decentralism.
Boulding (1975) states, "The phenomenon of the women's NGOs stems in part from the inability of women to get men to give priority to decentralism and nonviolence, and in part from the fact that men could not perceive women as individual human beings in their own right, let alone as partners in major public enterprises" (p.