de facto

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De facto

Existing in actual fact although not by official recognition.

De Facto

Existing in fact, but not by legal standard. In business, one occasionally makes reference to "de facto" monopolies in situations where alternatives to a certain brand may exist, but the brand has such a large market share that the alternatives may as well not exist. Likewise, some analysts of the 2008 recession have discussed the "de facto" nationalization of the banking industry, in which some governments, notably the British, bought some banks outright and implicitly guaranteed the existence of all other banks.

de facto

In fact, in actuality, as things are really done. The phrase is used to express a state of affairs or condition that might not be technically legal, but which has the same effect as the legal condition. Here are two examples:
• When an apartment complex allowed the power to be disconnected for nonpayment and failed to secure a reconnection, it amounted to a de facto eviction of all the tenants (also called a constructive eviction).
• The IRS has ruled that a long-term lease of property with the right to purchase for $1 at the
     end of the term is not a true lease, but a de facto installment sale.

References in periodicals archive ?
The company's 3G Test Mobile has become the industry de-facto standard for WCDMA infrastructure testing.
The company's award-winning SSH Secure Shell application has become the de-facto standard for secure logins with millions of users in over 80 countries.
Recognized as a de-facto standard for Internet security, Secure Shell is currently implemented by over four million commercial and non-commercial users to secure remote administration and file transfers over the Internet.
With over three million users in 80 countries, SSH Secure Shell is the recognized de-facto standard for secure remote administration and secure file transfers over the Internet.
We are pleased to enable Lynx customers with our off-the-shelf solution to leverage this de-facto standard connectivity mechanism in their embedded designs thereby reducing their time-to-market and development costs.
With over three million users in 80 countries, SSH Secure Shell is the recognized de-facto standard for remote administration and secure file transfers over the Internet.
Universal Learning Technology(tm) (ULT), the number one provider of Web-based learning software and applications, today announced that it has established partnerships with top college textbook publishers establishing WebCT as the de-facto standard for institutions of higher education to bring course curricula to the Web.