de facto

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De facto

Existing in actual fact although not by official recognition.

De Facto

Existing in fact, but not by legal standard. In business, one occasionally makes reference to "de facto" monopolies in situations where alternatives to a certain brand may exist, but the brand has such a large market share that the alternatives may as well not exist. Likewise, some analysts of the 2008 recession have discussed the "de facto" nationalization of the banking industry, in which some governments, notably the British, bought some banks outright and implicitly guaranteed the existence of all other banks.

de facto

In fact, in actuality, as things are really done. The phrase is used to express a state of affairs or condition that might not be technically legal, but which has the same effect as the legal condition. Here are two examples:
• When an apartment complex allowed the power to be disconnected for nonpayment and failed to secure a reconnection, it amounted to a de facto eviction of all the tenants (also called a constructive eviction).
• The IRS has ruled that a long-term lease of property with the right to purchase for $1 at the
     end of the term is not a true lease, but a de facto installment sale.

References in periodicals archive ?
"The Secretary General calls upon the de-facto authorities to combat any
As the battles rage in industry trade magazines and storage/network conferences over which interface will win, and the noise falls on deaf ears, the user community and vendors will at last realize and accept that de-facto standards will win and the debates will serve little real purpose.
While Blumberg and other disabled activists support individual women's right to choose abortion, they worry that, as sophisticated fetal tests become routine, a de-facto policy of weeding out disabled fetuses may add up to genocide.
Summary: New Delhi [India], July 9 (ANI): Dismissing the All India Muslim Personal Law Board (AIMPLB) proposal on setting up Shariat courts in all districts across the country, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader Subramanian Swamy on Monday said that it is a de-facto way of dividing the country and creating secession.
9 The Last-Mile Problem Impacts Over 50% of the World's Digital Data and Will Persist for Several Years Before a De-Facto Standard Arrives
For customers requiring high performance and scalability, the optimal hardware platform will be the Unisys e-@ction Enterprise Server, equipped with up to 32 Intel processors and the de-facto standard architecture for large-scale Microsoft- and Intel-based servers.
NAS relies on two de-facto standards that are driven by operating system considerations.