de facto

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Related to De facto standard: De jure standard

De facto

Existing in actual fact although not by official recognition.

De Facto

Existing in fact, but not by legal standard. In business, one occasionally makes reference to "de facto" monopolies in situations where alternatives to a certain brand may exist, but the brand has such a large market share that the alternatives may as well not exist. Likewise, some analysts of the 2008 recession have discussed the "de facto" nationalization of the banking industry, in which some governments, notably the British, bought some banks outright and implicitly guaranteed the existence of all other banks.

de facto

In fact, in actuality, as things are really done. The phrase is used to express a state of affairs or condition that might not be technically legal, but which has the same effect as the legal condition. Here are two examples:
• When an apartment complex allowed the power to be disconnected for nonpayment and failed to secure a reconnection, it amounted to a de facto eviction of all the tenants (also called a constructive eviction).
• The IRS has ruled that a long-term lease of property with the right to purchase for $1 at the
     end of the term is not a true lease, but a de facto installment sale.

References in periodicals archive ?
The tests were based on the OWASP (Open Web Application Security Project) Top Ten list of application vulnerabilities, which serves as the industry's de facto standard for measuring web application security.
Pointsec is the worldwide de facto standard for mobile device security -- with the most customers deployed, highest level of certification and more complete device coverage than any other company.
The recognized leader in multi-platform software deployment since 1996, Zero G's award-winning line of enterprise-class products includes InstallAnywhere, the de facto standard for multi-platform installation; and SolutionArchitect, the first software packaging solution for distributed enterprise applications.
The company's Ascent platform is the most popular information capture application worldwide, and its VRS (VirtualReScan) is the de facto standard for scanning productivity.
ISOGEN is the de facto standard for high-quality, fully automated piping isometrics created from intelligent 3D piping models.
11 products and chipsets, and by companies and organizations deploying enterprise and large scale WLANs, the company's test systems have rapidly become the industry's de facto standard.
InterActual's interactive media player technology has become the de facto standard for adding web-connected and advanced interactivity to Hollywood titles, enabling studios to not only add additional content beyond the scope of the DVD format, but to connect directly with the audience via the Internet.