There are a small number of researchers attempting to differentiate between de jure and de facto independence
In other words, within a given legal framework, policymakers in the United States have been able to engage in varying degrees of de facto independence
and adherence to rules-based policy.
The de jure perspective assigns a constant measure to Japan because the 1942 Bank of Japan Law with some revisions made in 1949 remained the operating document of the Bank until the Bank of Japan Law was revised in 1997; however, the Bank of Japan actually achieved a meaningful but difficult to quantify increase in de facto independence
China has repeatedly warned that any Taiwanese moves to formalise its de facto independence
could be met with war.
Interest centres on the Russians of southern and eastern Ukraine, and on Transdniestria, which would love its de facto independence
from Moldova to be formally recognised by Russia.
The two regions are internationally recognised as part of Georgia, but they have enjoyed de facto independence
since breaking from Tbilisi's control in the early 1990s.
Saakashvili last week ordered Georgian troops into the tiny enclave of South Ossetia, which has maintained de facto independence
since 1992, in a bid to restore "constitutional order".
The conflict began on Friday when Georgia launched a largescale military operation to retake South Ossetia, which has had de facto independence
TheUnited Nations Security Council met yesterday for the fourth time in as many days to try to resolve a conflict that began when Georgia launched a large-scale military operation to retake South Ossetia, which has had de facto independence
The document, posted on the government's official website, reads: "Seventeen years of South Ossetia's de facto independence
proves the republic's liability, and its sovereignty needs to be legitimised by the UN Charter".
Washington has urged Chen not to hold the referendum on entry to the UN, fearing that it could test the patience of Beijing which views it as a push by Chen toward formalizing the island's de facto independence
Most committee members accept the Kurds will not give up the de facto independence
they have enjoyed since 1991 in the north.