NAD

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NAD

The ISO 4217 currency code for the Namibian Dollar.

NAD

ISO 4217 code for the Namibian dollar. It was introduced in 1993, replacing the South African rand. It is pegged to the rand at par; because of this, both the dollar and the rand are accepted as legal tender in Namibia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Clinical parameters of participants Parameter Values, n (%) Mean [+ or -] SD Type of DM Type 1 DM 27 (27) - Type 2 DM 73 (73) Duration of DM 1-15 71 (71) 13.2[+ or -]9.2 (years) >15 29 (29) DM-related diseases, No 31 (31) - Yes 69 (69) DM-related surgeries No 52 (52) - Yes 48 (48) Presence of DPN No 59 (59) - Yes 41 (41) Presence of DN No 87 (87) - ([greater than or equal to] Yes 13 (13) stage 3) Presence of DR No 62 (62) - Yes 38 (38) DM: Diabetes mellitus, DPN: Diabetic peripheral neuropathy, DN: Diabetic nephropahy, DR: Diabetic retinopathy, SD: Standard deviation Table 2.
These results suggest that this SOD2 SNP might potentially contribute to increased DPN risk, presumably through oxidative stress-related disease mechanisms.
A cross-sectional study of 528 diabetic patients (191 newly diagnosed) used the Diabetic Neuropathy Symptom (DNS) score to establish a DPN prevalence of 48.1%.
The features created with DPN in the current work are in the order of microns (1-5 [micro]m in diameter) and submicrons (over 100 to over 400 nm in height), although nanometric sizes (50-100 nm) can be reached [36].
reported that dietary salsalate in combination with lower amounts of menhaden oil provided greater benefit in diabetes-induced vascular and neural impairment than menhaden oil alone, stressing the importance of combination therapy for the treatment of DPN.
Among the downregulated genes, 221 unique genes were downregulated by E2 treatment, 174 unique genes were downregulated by PPT treatment, and 68 unique genes were downregulated by DPN treatment.
Duration of diabetes and duration of confirmed DPN were significantly different between the two groups (p<0.05).
The average area and the density of myelin nerve fibers was decreased in the DPN group as compared with the control group.
The severity of DPN was assessed using the revised Neuropathy Disability Score (NDS) [21] and two subgroups were created: mild neuropathy (NDS < 6) or moderate/severe neuropathy (NDS [greater than or equal to] 6).
It has been postulated that individuals with DPN exhibit significant deteriorations of gait performance compared to healthy controls or even persons with diabetes but no neuropathy symptoms [8].
Several studies have implicated oxidative stress, especially that resulting from mitochondrial insult, as being the prime event in the pathogenesis of DPN [4, 5].