Customs Modernization Act

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Customs Modernization Act

Legislation in the United States, passed in 1993, that sought to improve enforcement of customs and audits. At the time, it was one of the most sweeping changes to U.S. Customs in more than 200 years. The Act, which is commonly called the Mod Act, was part of larger legislation to bring the U.S. into compliance with the North American Free Trade Agreement.
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The Customs Modernization Act of 1993 allowed documentation to be submitted to CBP electronically.
Although Customs has worked closely with the trade industry since the Customs Modernization Act of 1993, it still needs assurance that companies are following the rules.
The National Customs Brokers and Forwarders Association of America, which had supported Customs modernization legislation in 1992, announced its opposition to the Customs Modernization Act of 1993.(32) Specifically, the organization opposed the enactment of remote filing, fearing that this change would be harmful to the small customs brokerage firms.(33) This organization believed that the cost of modernizing would be prohibitive to small brokerage firms, giving the advantage to larger firms.(34) These fears were echoed by the San Francisco Customs Brokers and Freight Forwarders Association, who also opposed the legislation.(35) Thus, the support for Customs modernization began to erode in 1993.
The Customs Modernization Act of 1993 significantly altered the process of merchandise entering the United States.(39) In essence, the Modernization Act reduced the amount of documents an importer had to file.
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