The Chinese authorities wanted to avoid currency exchange risks
attached with the use of the US dollar and the Pak rupee.
MHI has been looking to fortify its global business structure to attract more orders and at the same time evade currency exchange risks
. Qingdao Jieneng Steam Turbine Group has been seeking expansion into markets for medium-size steam turbines and marine-use steam turbines.
The end of currency exchange risks
and costs helped integrate European markets, boosting trade between member states, a move that helped German small business in particular.
With this three-year senior loan, the EBRD is increasing the availability of medium-term local currency lending to entrepreneurs in Kyrgyz Republic, especially in the country's remote rural areas, and helping them avoid taking on currency exchange risks
. According to the recently approved new EBRD country strategy for the Kyrgyz Republic, the EBRD will aim to extend local currency lending in order to build up local sources of domestic funding and reduce the use of foreign exchange in the country's financial system.
dollar as its legal tender, virtually eliminating any currency exchange risks
to foreign companies operating there.
It is offering an exclusive five-year tracker with initial pay rate of 4.29 per cent which is based on on lower euro money rates but with no currency exchange risks
This paper examines one element of financial institutions doing business internationally: currency exchange risks
. Such risks present significant barriers to profitably and competitively expand financial service markets.
dollar reduce currency exchange risks
. It also said the yen's internationalization would help bar the dollar and the euro from dominating global financial markets and help investors hedge their bets.
The local currency portion of the loan is provided under the EBRD's new Local Currency Lending Programme in early transition countries (ETC), which aims to support private sector development by ensuring the Kyrgyz borrowers, including local enterprises, banks and microfinance organisations, avoid taking on currency exchange risks
. The loan was arranged under the EBRD's MSME Credit Line, consisting of two tranches of US$ 10 million each, which provides a much-needed and sizeable investment in the sector.
The move is designed to reduce currency exchange risks
and curb the firm's reliance on commercial banks in financing, the sources said.