65) During the Flemish Revolt both craft guilds
and merchants heavily defended the political autonomy of the city of Bruges and its corporations, and consequently the coalition entered into a conflict when Maximilian tried to impose an autocratic rule in the city.
Unlike other craft guilds
, the Weavers enjoyed a measure of stability from both the lengthy apprenticeship required of weaving, which deterred members of other guilds from illegally performing their craft, and staggering fines payable by foreigners to the Weavers for setting up shop in order to ply their trade.
In Iran a de facto alliance between the merchant and craft guilds
was formed against European and Russian companies, who began gradually to take over a greater part of the Iranian commerce.
For a long time the genesis of craft guilds
was a much debated issue among historians.
19) We lack conclusive dates for the beginnings of the organized craft guilds
and the beginnings of the cycle.
The craft guilds
would have used them as shock troops by making some concessions to them such as a partial political participation in the city council and the sale of cheap grain.
uk which has details of suppliers, craft guilds
, organisations and forthcoming events for every type of craft you can imagine.
Political divisions were reflected for artists not only in tangible forms of privileges attainable at court, such as freedom from membership in urban craft guilds
, but on a theoretical level in terms of the art they were asked to produce: "an increasing divorce between 'high' intellectual art and simple, popular, didactic art" (17).
York plays A cycle of 48 plays, dating from the 14th century, of unknown authorship, which were performed during the European Middle Ages by craft guilds
in the city of York, in the north of England, on the summer feast day of Corpus Christi.
During the past seven years the freemen's eight craft guilds
, whose own historic trade and commercial links are believed to stretch back to the early 14th century, have donated PS80,000 to a range of causes across the city's boundaries.
Symbols will depict the pillars of coal that support the city, others will suggest education, craft guilds
, wealth and wisdom.
Royal Mail spokesman Mr Giles Finnemore said: "Starting from medieval craft guilds
, the Workers' Tale stamps chart the evolution of work in these isles.