Impeachment

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Impeachment

The act of attempting to remove a public official from office. An impeachment does not necessarily result in removal, since another step is required before the official is forced to leave office. For example, in the United States, the House of Representatives may impeach the president by a majority vote. The case is then passed on for trial to the Senate, which may remove the president with a two-thirds vote.
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The Senate's role as a court of impeachment is unique in the constitutional scheme.
Political Nullification, then, appears to be less desirable than the other approaches when viewed in light of the constitutional text's requirement that Senators make a decision to "convict," and in light of the institutional role that the Senate plays when it acts as a court of impeachment. Of course, there are grounds on which to defend something like this: first, on a constitutional interpretation that understands the removability question as distinct from the conviction question; and second, on the ground that both conviction and removability should be determined based on higher-level national interests rather than any parochial political or electoral concerns.
a Court of Impeachment. As these are Senate rules, that body can, where
organized itself as a Court of Impeachment on March 17, 2010, took the
Nevertheless, impartiality concerns do come into play when Congress sits as a court of impeachment. The potential for politicization may be an argument in favor of legislative adherence to precedent.
from service in the Court of Impeachment. (41) The oath may also be
Ritter, the Senate resolved itself into a Court of Impeachment, in which
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