European Court of Justice

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Related to Court of Justice of the European Communities: European Court of Human Rights, preliminary ruling

European Court of Justice

The supreme court of the European Union. It was established in 1952, predating the foundation of the EU by several decades. It has jurisdiction over EU law, but not over the national laws of member states. It consists of one judge per member state, though the full court meets rarely and decisions are made generally by a panel of judges.

European Court of Justice

the EUROPEAN UNION court which is responsible for interpreting the laws passed by the EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT which are binding upon the citizens of member states of the European Union. The European Court often interecedes to overrule judgements made by the courts of member states or modify national laws.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Court of Auditors then asked the Court of Justice of the European Communities, by means of a prejudicial question, whether the inclusion of lawyers, in the field of application of the Money Laundering Directive II, did not violate the right to an equitable lawsuit guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights.
The two new Members of the ECA were formally sworned in at the Court of Justice of the European Communities on 5 February.
The Court of Justice of the European Communities has ruled against the German legislation on payment by member states to private-sector recruitment agencies (judgement of 11 January, C-208/05).
While the Court of Justice of the European Communities has perfectly managed this type of situation by laying down the bases of the criteria of establishment introduced in 1997 with the adoption of the second version of the text, today we are seeing an attempt to distort the very objective of the directive: exclusive control by the country of origin.
On 30 May, the Court of Justice of the European Communities annulled an agreement signed between the EU and the United States in 2004 on the transfer of personal data on air passengers travelling to the United States.
The Court of Justice of the European Communities has recognised that imposing resident status on unemployed workers receiving benefits in a member state is not automatically contrary to EU law (verdict delivered on 18 July, De Cuyper, C-406/04).
With the onset of increased competition between member states, the Court of Justice of the European Communities has recently clarified the rights of the injured parties to make claims to national jurisdictions, based on EU law, for internal anti-competitive practices (judgmentaManfredi/Loyd Adriatico Assicurazioni, joined Cases C-295/04 to C-298/04).
The Court of Justice of the European Communities has confirmed the annulment of the European Commission's Decision on the distribution of Volkswagen Passats in Germany (Case C-74/04).
In the margins of the Committee of Permanent Representatives (Coreper) meeting on 6 July, participants approved the nomination of Thomas von Danwitz, a German academic, to replace Ninon Colneric at the Court of Justice of the European Communities from 7 October 2006 to 6 October 2012.