granted him permission to appeal the case to the Court of Exchequer
The judges of the Court of Exchequer
were called barons, out of a presumed necessity from a provision in Magna Carta.
Howe was in the vanguard of the revolutionary movement in North Carolina, clashing with royal Governor Josiah Martin - as a principled patriot, not, as often asserted, because the governor had deprived Howe of his command of Fort Johnston on the Cape Fear River and his office as Baron of the Court of Exchequer
in North Carolina.
Evolving within the Exchequer Department during the Middle Ages for the purpose of settling legal disputes over the royal revenue, the High Court of Exchequer
also began to hear common law disputes between private parties when relevant to the collection of those royal revenues.