Table 2 details the cost-benefit ratios of the competing strategies.
Since many characteristics of the next pandemic viral strain remain unknown, our modeling methods and parameter estimates were designed to consistently underestimate intervention-related benefits, thus yielding minimum estimates of the true cost-benefit ratios.
Among our conservative assumptions, we chose to exclude indirect costs of preventable deaths, which, if added, would have increased cost-benefit ratios up to 6-fold (online Appendix 1).
Cost-benefit ratios of antiviral utilization strategies * Cost-benefit ratio, relative to nonintervention Direct All costs healthcare Strategy to economy costs NI No intervention (base case) Ref.
Analyzing cost-benefit ratios
for new opportunities.
Finally, it scrutinized the cost-benefit ratios based on the perspectives of society, taxpayers, and the supported employees.
The benefits, net benefits, and cost-benefit ratios all showed gradual increases during this specific period of time.
Where the cost-benefit analysis of supported employment utilizes the net benefit and the cost-benefit ratio approaches, the internal rate of return approach is hardly considered in use of rehabilitation programs due to the mathematics involved (Struthers, 1977).
The effectiveness of job service placement services and referral services were estimated using program cost-benefit ratios
, duration of joblessness, success in obtaining interviews, and successful job placement for job-seekers with strong and spotty work records.
The GOL Chief - Paulo Kakinoff stated, "The new airplanes will have one of the best cost-benefit ratios
in the market due to its unique operational economy, so it is fully compatible with our low-cost model.
Vaccination is certainly an essential countermeasure against possible smallpox threats, yet finding the right balance under different vaccine administration scenarios between personal and societal cost-benefit ratios
has proved extremely difficult.