European democracy and cosmopolitan democracy
, Roma: Altiro Spinelli Publication.
The aims of the cosmopolitan democracy project have never been limited to academic discourse.
While we have elsewhere illustrated the reasons that justify the need for a cosmopolitan democracy, (5) and others have discussed its possibility, (6) we have not yet examined at length the social, economic, and political processes that may lead some agents to support the political innovations suggested by the model.
In doing so, I have tried to demonstrate a simple yet crucial point: Nothing about the idea of cosmopolitan democracy can be taken for granted in global politics, because, in addition to the relative absence of a traditional theory-praxis interaction in international relations, the relationship between cosmopolitanism and democracy is not straightforward in the first place.
The many connotations of cosmopolitanism and democracy notwithstanding, cosmopolitan democracy is clearly an attempt to conceptualize democratization at the global level.
62) System-oriented thinkers, too, can succumb to this problem--for example, when Held envisages global cosmopolitan democracy being built up from a nucleus of liberal democracies.
11) See, among many others, Daniele Archibugi, The Global Commonwealth of Citizens: Toward Cosmopolitan Democracy (Princeton, N.
In Global Commonwealth, Archibugi clearly stakes out his own ground, placing less emphasis than does Held on distributive or "social" aspects of cosmopolitan democracy and more on pragmatic, incremental reforms of current international organizations.
Archibugi understands cosmopolitan democracy as a middle path between some purely confederal arrangement where states are the exclusive actors and individual rights and duties are limited by state membership, and a federal world government marked by uniform global law and some transfer of sovereignty from the state to the global level.
33) Held also alludes to this notion of public justification when he characterizes his project of cosmopolitan democracy
as one that "builds on principles that all could reasonably assent to in defending basic ideas.
Re-Imagining Political Community: Studies in Cosmopolitan Democracy
(Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 1998), pp.
The third section is a collection of four essays on the efficacy of certain political theories such as cosmopolitan democracy
, and the potential viability of an international court of the environment.