When no control variables
are included, we find negative and statistically significant (p-value < 0.10) parameter estimates for female- and minority-owned firms and no significant impact (p-value > 0.10) for Hispanic-owned firms.
Individual-level results Outcome variable Self-reported absence Control variables
: Age -0.02 Gender -0.2 Occupation 0.23 Tenure 0.12(*) Self-efficacy -0.94(**) Job satisfaction -1.15(***) Cohesiveness -2.68(**) Cultural salience -2.30(*) Cohesiveness x salience 0.72(**) Cohesiveness -0.37 Cultural salience -0.13 Cohesiveness x salience 0.18 Group absence norm Mediator Group absence norm Control variables
: Age -0.03 Gender -0.79 Occupation -0.20 Tenure 0.18(*) Self-efficacy -0.78(*) Job satisfaction -1.01(**) Cohesiveness -4.39(***) Cultural salience -4.10(***) Cohesiveness x salience 1.03(***) Part II.
To check the robustness of my results, I estimated prediction equations using real disposable personal income instead of labor income as one of the control variables
. The findings were almost identical to those using labor income.
The association of referral source with the control variables
indicates the need to adjust for the influence of demographics and job quality (indexed by employee income) when estimating the influence of referral source on the dependent measures as the control variables
provide estimates of different labor markets.
Many control variables
(e.g., stolen bases the preceding year of arbitration) showed whites having an advantage.
Demographic Control Variables
. Sex differences have been observed in measures of compensation.
Table 2 shows that the correlation between control variables
(title position of the respondent, gender of the respondent and age of the respondent) and OCBI is 0.147 (p< 0.05) as a whole and control variables
explain just 2.2% of the variation in OCBI.
Table 1 Relationship Between Academic Performance, Network Constraints and Control Variables
among Students (N=182)
Performance is significantly and positively associated with BSC use, without and with control variables
(p<0.01 and p<0.05, respectively).
The dynamic weight selection strategy can allocate control variables
according to mission requirement and ensure the optimal results to be feasible
(III) The right-hand side of the state system is bounded by a linear function in the state and control variables
They also found that some control variables
like size of the firm and leverage have a strong and positive effect on overall stock prices.