Contraction

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Contraction

In a business cycle, the time between the peak and the bottom. That is, a contraction occurs between the end of economic growth and the end of the subsequent recession. Contractions are characterized by layoffs, a decline in GDP, and other negative factors. However, historically, contractions have tended not to last as long as expansions.
References in periodicals archive ?
Exclusion criteria included previous or scheduled use of an ambulatory contraction monitor, use of tocolytic therapy, scheduled cerclage, placenta previa, major fetal anomalies, or no home phone.
Typically, repetitive jobs alternate between brief contractions and rest periods.
While the effect of acetylcholine on the frequency and force of spontaneous contractions over 5 min was seen as effect on spontaneous activity.
The fourth chapter displays braille symbols and contractions according to braille dot numerical order.
The scallops Amusium balloti (Bernardi 1861) and Placopecten magellanicus (Gmelin 1791) perform phasic contractions throughout the escape response.
However a significant enhancement of insulin-induced contractions was observed at 10-5M 10-4 M and 10-3 M (Figure).
The effect of magnolol on spontaneous contractions of colonic smooth muscle and the contractions induced by different agonists were assessed in vitro.
Furthermore, it can be concluded that during static contractions the NIRS-sensors can reveal information on the local blood oxygenation but more information is needed on blood flow to estimate metabolism.
Means and standard deviations for PT and AVT for maximum contractions at each velocity tested are shown in Table 1, Consistent with previous research, both PT and AVT of the quadriceps were greatest when tested isometric ally, followed by increasing isovelocity contractions (F4,36= 90.
Given that NMES recruits motor units in a nonselective, spatially fixed, and temporally synchronous pattern as opposed to voluntary recruitment that uses asynchronous, selective recruitment of motor units to offset fatigue during sustained or repeat contractions [4], strategies aimed at attenuating muscle fatigability are of significant interest in rehabilitation.
78 billion at US$1:NT$30), due chiefly to revenue contraction in the fourth quarter of last year, marking the company's second annual sales contraction since its official listing on the local bourse in 1997.
Using the Labor Simulator: Bringing Childbirth Theory to Life soundtrack/teaching tool in your childbirth classes will offer you an opportunity to leave your students buzzing amongst themselves and to others about their new-found understanding of the pace of contractions, and leave them chock full of useful ideas to help them cope through their labors, using non-pharmacological methods.