Contraction

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Contraction

In a business cycle, the time between the peak and the bottom. That is, a contraction occurs between the end of economic growth and the end of the subsequent recession. Contractions are characterized by layoffs, a decline in GDP, and other negative factors. However, historically, contractions have tended not to last as long as expansions.
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References in periodicals archive ?
An expected contraction in agriculture was attributed to poor rainfall during the 2019 rain season, which contributed to few hectares planted as farmers weigh the risk for their investments.
As the time of labor draws near, the contractions and cervical dilation pushes the plug pushed into the vagina.
'Contractions are really starting to kick in,' wrote Villania.
Let (X, d) be a complete metric space and [f.sub.1], ..., [f.sub.N] be weak contractions. Let K be the unique compact subset of X such that K = [[union].sup.N.sub.i=1] [f.sub.i](K).
While the effect of acetylcholine on the frequency and force of spontaneous contractions over 5 min was seen as effect on spontaneous activity.
Figure 2 shows the average EEG power in alpha and beta bands during pre- and postfatigue elbow extension contractions. The EEG power at C3 in the alpha band and FC3, C3, FC4, and C4 in the beta band was significantly increased during postfatigue contraction compared with that during prefatigue contraction (alpha band: C3: P = 0.009; beta bands: FC3: P = 0.045; C3: P = 0.013; FC4: P = 0.013; and C4: P = 0.013).
We first identified the pathways that were involved in the high [K.sup.+] -induced contractions. In our study, high [K.sup.+]-induced contractions were completely abolished in a Ca +-free medium (Figure 2(a)), suggesting that this type of contraction maybe dependent on [Ca.sup.2+] influx through VDCCs [31].
Two methods were used to exhibit the different contraction intensities; one was to use the relative muscle contraction level (% MVC), and the other one was to use the absolute torque of the knee joint extensors.
The fourth chapter displays braille symbols and contractions according to braille dot numerical order.
Recordings from the force gauge were transferred to an Excel spreadsheet for analysis of the phasic and tonic muscle contractions during the escape response test.
Berinde, General constructive fixed point theorems for Ciric-type almost contractions in metric spaces, Carpathian Journal of Mathematics, 24 (2) (2008), 10-19.