The effectiveness of the process has been brought into question by organizations such as Global Witness (pulled out of the scheme on 5 December 2011) and IMPACT (pulled out on 14 December 2017), claiming it has failed in its purpose and does not provide markets with assurance that the diamonds are not conflict diamonds
Kimberly Process members are responsible for stemming 99.8 per cent of the global production of conflict diamonds
In 1998, certain rebel movements in Africa (Sierra Leone, Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Liberia) were selling, among other things, illegally obtained diamonds known as Conflict Diamonds
to fund their wars against legitimate governments.
The jewelry industry refuses to ban all blood diamonds and limited the remit of the KPCS to "conflict diamonds
" which are defined as rough diamonds used by rebel groups to fund violence against legitimate governments.
In an interview on Monday after the WDC's annual general meeting in Dubai, Fischler praised Bin Sulayem's proposal to use expert diamond valuation methods to help curb the conflict diamond
Caption: Set up to strangle the trade in conflict diamonds
, the Kimberly Process suspends export certification for the Central African Republic between 2013 and 2015.
Although the scheme creates barriers for conflict diamonds
to reach the legitimate diamond market, there are still weaknesses within the process which have allowed 1% of the diamonds in the market to be conflict diamonds
"Raising global awareness of the work of the KP is key to not only report achievements, but to demonstrate how we are working to stem the flow of conflict diamonds
, protect the rights of miners and improve conditions for their families in countries concerned in diamond mining and production," added Bin Sulayem.
The 2006 Leonardo DiCaprio thriller Blood Diamond (1) brought the issue of conflict diamonds
(2) to the awareness of the general public.
The KP, set up to prevent conflict diamonds
from entering the global supply chain, came into force in 2003.
Certainly not because there would be more conflict diamonds
than twelve years ago.
DCI Alyson O'Donnell said Morrow tried to pin the death of Ms Huyton on the spy and said he was told to drive to France for "a handover of conflict diamonds