Complexity Theory


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Related to Complexity Theory: Chaos theory

Complexity Theory

The theory that processes with a large number of seemingly independent agents can spontaneously organize themselves into a coherent system.

Complexity Theory

A theory stating that seemingly independent variables and/or data can organize into a system. Complexity theory argues that an economy is an adaptive field. That is, economic and non-economic factors interact continually and no equilibrium is ever reached. In other words, complexity theory states that chaos is inevitable in economics.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nascent though it is, complexity theory has the potential to be much more relevant to human lives than quantum theoretics.
Researchers explain the translation of homeopathy's subtle electromagnetic energy into physiological effects using the chaos and complexity theory. Basically, under these theories, the flap of a butterfly's wing in the Sahara desert can lead to a hurricane hitting the Gulf Coast (it also explained how the dinosaurs got loose in the movie Jurassic Park).
29) - quantum mechanics, chaos theory, and complexity theory - has causes which to a considerable extent are internal to science itself.
Following an introductory chapter, and a keynote address by Paul Samuelson in which he reaffirms the historic role of trade and trade theorists on the vanguard of economic exploration, Paul Krugman expounds on the use of complexity theory as an explanatory for both interregional and international trade.
What makes complexity theory a challenge is the diverse applications possible with this method (my seemingly random list above is taken from real research).
And I believe the complexity theory is more descriptive of communication.
infinite functions and the ultimate behavior of run times on large arguments yield useful insights into computational complexity theory.
As a result, there have been numerous calls for new paradigms, including widespread advocacy for the adoption of complexity theory. In this commentary, we briefly discuss complexity science and the fit with KT activities in health care.
We included published papers that explicitly mention 'complex leadership' or 'complexity leadership' in the publication title or abstract or that mention principles of complexity theory (complex adaptive system [CAS], adaptive leadership, enabling, emergence, non-linearity) in association with 'leadership' (See Supplementary file 1).
Robert KE[micro]nig considers the new results primarily as a contribution to complexity theory. "Our result shows that quantum information processing really does provide benefits -- without having to rely on unproven complexity-theoretic conjectures," he says.
The behavior of each unit is not encapsulated inside that unit but comes from its connections with the rest of the system." (1) In complexity theory, one way of talking about this phenomenon is the idea that "more is different." A few ants will wander more or less randomly, but a colony of ants following the same decision rules will display what looks like coordinated action.
To do this, we bound the running-time of the algorithm by a function of one or more parameters describing structural properties of the input, rather than just the total input size (as is done in classical complexity theory).