Complex system


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Complex system

A system that cannot be fully understood simply by understanding the function of each component part.
References in classic literature ?
Next in order to harmonies, rhythms will naturally follow, and they should be subject to the same rules, for we ought not to seek out complex systems of metre, or metres of every kind, but rather to discover what rhythms are the expressions of a courageous and harmonious life; and when we have found them, we shall adapt the foot and the melody to words having a like spirit, not the words to the foot and melody.
In a complex system, the same starting conditions can pro duce different outcomes, depending on the interactions of the elements in the system"
Proceeding according to the traditional logframe approach, development efforts often fail because they ignore the interactions between a wide range of variables in a complex system, instead focusing on a single variable and a single solution.
If those students are considering the long-range effect of finding a client ineligible for food stamps, then they are working with a complex system and should be wary of assessing the client in an overly simplistic manner.
The consequences of large complex system failures are mostly and undeniably catastrophic, yet we must remind ourselves that most complex systems have a strong record of reliability.
A complex system is different from a simple system in that a complex system is greater than the sum of its parts.
This work offers a new approach to complex system development in general and to project management in complex systems, based on activity domain theory (ADT) and on theoretical developments of meaning construction.
Simply put, complex system theories are beginning to reflect the real world in a more realistic way.
According to our knowledge, the contemporary theories or schools arising in the studies of complex systems include: (1) the school of Complex System Dynamics, whose founder was Forrester from MIT of United States who established the classical system dynamics.
The mysterious act of inserting a needle in an acupuncture point along a meridian of qi (qi is the breath or life force that streams through the body along a complex system of channels known as meridians) connects us to an ancient tradition.
As illustrated in the Endocrinology papers, bisphenol A exerts an effect through a complex system at a concentration range that has not been evaluated in traditional risk assessment.
The IT infrastructure of an organization is a complex system of electronic and mechanical components.

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