Complex system


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Complex system

A system that cannot be fully understood simply by understanding the function of each component part.
References in classic literature ?
Next in order to harmonies, rhythms will naturally follow, and they should be subject to the same rules, for we ought not to seek out complex systems of metre, or metres of every kind, but rather to discover what rhythms are the expressions of a courageous and harmonious life; and when we have found them, we shall adapt the foot and the melody to words having a like spirit, not the words to the foot and melody.
But today, as mechanized products evolve into an element of a more integrated complex system, changing out a failing part for an identical interchangeable part may not be as straightforward as it has been in the past.
According to Jessen, foreign investors are more worried about red tape and the complex system of business licensing in the country.
Tackling wicked problems: A public policy perspective (Commission, 2012) argues the case for schools as a public sector organisation as a complex system. The paper cites the concept of 'wicked problems' introduced by Rittel and Webber (1973) whereby social issues addressed by governments 'defy traditional ways of working and solving problems in the APS [Australian Public Service]' (p.
Using our definition of complex systems, we distinctly derive and define seven complex system attributes as shown in Table 3.
A concept I developed called Trans-Species Modeling Theory (TSMT) states: "While trans-species extrapolation is possible when perturbations concern lower levels of organization or when studying morphology and function on the gross level, one evolved, complex system will not be of predictive value for another when the perturbation affects higher levels of organization" (Greek and Hansen 2013).
In fact, the psychological system has all the necessary elements in order to associate it with a complex system. That is the reason why we sustain the theory of approaching the mental from the complex system theory perspective.
That order/demand is processed by a human being who is after all a complex system finally being asked to perform like one after decades of being asked to simply follow directions.
2) Dynamic complexity--behaviour of a complex system (elements and their relationships and the structure of the system).
Proceeding according to the traditional logframe approach, development efforts often fail because they ignore the interactions between a wide range of variables in a complex system, instead focusing on a single variable and a single solution.
City-based John Webber, Head of Rating at global property company Colliers International, says the British Retail Consortium's (BRC) paper on the proposed reform of the regime could usher in an even more complex system. "We agree with the BRC in that the business rates system is becoming a significant burden to retail businesses.
If one wants to define a specific novel as a complex system, then that novel has obviously to be not only complex but also "interesting" for readers, i.e., of course not random, at least readable, and hopefully exciting and/or intriguing and/or compelling and/or fascinating, and/or thrilling and/or stunning, and so on.

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