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Related to Communication disorders: Language disorders


the exchange of information in an ORGANIZATION. For organizations to work effectively, it is vital that information be communicated to those who need it. For example, the pay department would not be able to function properly if it were not notified of employees' hours of work. In this sense organizations can be conceived of as systems for exchanging information. Withholding information, i.e. failure to communicate, can be an effective means of exerting power over others in the organization. If a manager is not fully aware of what is going on in the organization he or she may be unable to influence decisions or events.

Often the effective transmission of information is impeded. As a piece of information is passed from top to bottom of an organization it may be modified by the misinterpretation or bias of each individual involved, so that by the time the information reaches its final destination it has a very different content. Effective communication can also be time-consuming, and hence arduous to perform. However, the effort can be worthwhile since those employees who feel they are not fully informed about matters relevant to their job may become demotivated and dissatisfied. As a result performance suffers. There is also evidence that individuals are more likely to respect bosses who they feel keep them informed. In addition to these ‘behavioural’ aspects of communication the process or ‘technology’ of internal and external communication has changed dramatically in the last decade. For example, conventional telephone systems (based on fixed-wired handsets) have been increasingly augmented by the cordless (mobile) telephone and accessories such as VOICE MESSAGING. Moreover, many businesses have integrated their PC (personal computer) networks and telecommunications to take advantage of value-added network services such as ELECTRONIC MAIL, VIDEO CONFERENCING and ELECTRONIC DATA INTERCHANGE. These developments, while enhancing the immediacy and effectiveness of communications, have also facilitated flexibility and mobility, allowing staff to reduce their dependency on being physically present at an office in order to conduct business. See CONSULTATION, EMPLOYEE INVOLVEMENT, EMPLOYEE PARTICIPATION, INDUSTRIAL DEMOCRACY, COMMUNITY CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL SOCIAL RIGHTS, DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION, INFORMATION MANAGEMENT, INFORMATION HIGHWAY, BUSINESS PROCESS RE-ENGINEERING.

Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson
References in periodicals archive ?
of New York) update this enduring text for students of speech-language pathology on language and communication disorders in children.
of Central Florida) show ESOL teachers and speech-language pathologists, as well as general and special educators, bilingual teachers, reading coaches, and school administrators, how to meet the language and literacy development needs of English learners with communication disorders. They discuss evidence-based strategies for the identification, assessment, and intervention of these learners, and describe challenges related to assessment and management.
Researchers, instructors, and practitioners explore communication disorders not only in the traditional racial and ethnic groups in the US, but also among populations around the world, including Central and South America, the indigenous peoples of the US and Australia, the African diaspora in the Caribbean and elsewhere, Europe, and the Middle East.
This second edition is a companion to the third edition of the Assessment of Communication Disorders in Children (Hedge and Pomaville, 2017).
A companion to Assessment of Communication Disorders in Adults, this text contains resources and protocols for the assessment of these disorders in children.
Handbook of acquired communication disorders in childhood.
Satake (mathematics in communication disorders, Emerson College) and his co-authors (both communications sciences and disorders, Emerson College) understand the effect of single-subject research programs, and offer a practical guide to analyzing and interpreting single subject data across a range of clinical needs.
The study was funded in part by the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD), one of the National Institutes of Health.
Researchers in communication disorders and psychology discuss key mechanisms that represent the "front end" of communicating though language: mechanisms that take patterns of air vibration and somehow transform them into meaning.
The new edition features thoroughly updated content in each chapter, including added figures and tables to illustrate critical concepts, expanded treatment of clinical interviewing, expanded sections on early child language assessment and more information on literacy assessment, and enhanced discussion of working memory, language processing in older children with language disorders, more resources for quality of life assessment for adult clients, more emphasis on measures to document treatment progress for communication disorders, and more information on adult and childhood speech apraxia.
Counseling persons with communication disorders and their families, 5th ed.
Current research supported by the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD), one of the National Institutes of Health, will be featured at the 2008 Midwinter Meeting of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology (ARO).

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