By contrasting EFT performance between southern and northern Chinese, we have contributed to this field of research, showing that members of individualist cultures tend to perceive an object context-independently, as single entities, whereas members of collectivist
cultures focus on the relationship between objects and the entire field.
Studies revealed the existence of both individualist and collectivist
values among people at the same time (Mishra, 1994; Sinha & Tripathi, 1994).
Happiness through harmony and unity in the family: Collectivist
orientation Family life is the reference point for group idea of happiness.
She points to the sacrifice in wars that were fought to ensure they would never happen again, as if to imply those men and women, who died, would cede our sovereignty to the collectivists
The tendency to emphasis on group preferences and group harmony in collectivist
cultures leads to an ability to repress internal (personal) attributes in certain settings.
Hypothesis 3: An individualist negotiator with high relative bargaining power will have a greater likelihood of initiating a negotiation (engaging, requesting, optimizing) than will a collectivist
negotiator with high relative bargaining power.
Even if the physician were to work without payment, that would not be good enough for the collectivist
. One needs only to look at the case of the Little Sisters of the Poor to understand that what is really going on has nothing to do with healthcare and everything to do with control.
2000), we more directly address the causal chain by examining the intermediate effect of exchange ideology on the collectivist
value orientation to behavioral intent link.
An early and seminal article by Hazel Markus and Shinobu Kitayama puts particular focus on the collectivist
self, defining it as "self-in-relation-to-other" and as "interdependent." (12) The individualist, independent self is described as separate, autonomous, self-contained, and egocentric, while the collectivist
, interdependent self is holistic, an ensemble, connected, and relational.
Apparently Roof was also a neo-National Socialist (neo-Nazi), envisioning a collectivist
Big Government system based on "race" that would protect Hitlerian notions of the "superior race." The manifesto reveals strong hatred of Jews, too, saying the author "found out about the Jewish problem and other issues facing our race." A picture of Roof shows him wearing a shirt featuring the number 88, associated by National Socialists with "Heil Hitler." The manifesto also claimed that "if we could somehow turn every Jew blue for 24 hours, I think there would be a mass awakening" against Jews, "because people would be able to see plainly what is going on." What exactly was "going on" was not clear, but Roof attacked what he claimed was "the Jewish agitation of the black race."
This study uses thirty groups each of individualist culture and collectivist
culture, working in groups of two auditors to examine how auditors from the two cultures revise their estimates of budgeted audit hours in an audit planning setting after receiving additional audit evidence which may either be relatively unfavourable or favourable compared to the initial information.
The meaning of conservatives' collectivist
position against the individual's right to end his own life is that individuals must suffer for the alleged good of the collective.