As a matter of fact, the old layout behaves well up to a lambda value of 1.2, after which engine instability increases and the co-variance
becomes unacceptable for lambda values higher than 1.3.
Furthermore, if the decline in sector variances is a permanent feature, recurrent cycles in GDP volatility may in future be around a lower trend level of real GDP volatility, provided the co-variance
between sector growth rates does not increase significantly.
(29) This, of course, does not mean that murderers can defend themselves by appealing to the regular co-variance
between moral properties and non-moral ones.
But it seems more perspicuous to stick with the core idea of supervenience as co-variance
, and regard such co-variance
as invariably a symptom of some other, more fundamental, relation of dependency or determination (identity, entailment, constitution, etc.).
This result is true both when the conditional co-variances
of individual asset returns are constant over time, and when they are allowed to vary as a function of economic variables.
This constant cancels from the ratio of genetic co-variances
and variances; thus, estimates of genetic correlations are unchanged.
Phenotypic and genetic co-variance
structure in milkweed bug life history traits.
This shows genotype ranking was not affected across the water regimes therefore the genotype performance was averaged over the water regimes and re-analysis of varieties was carried out (Table 1b).On the other hand Wr Vr and Wr+Vr array co-variance
were significant (P = 0.05)showing that model was inadequate and not valid for the estimation of genetic component.
Do this for all demes, and examine the co-variance
among the pairs of measures.
The graphical representation of variance (Vr) and co-variance
(Wr) proposed additive gene action with partial dominanceaction.
Imagine two characters in which the phenotypic variances are standardized to unity ([P.sub.11] = [P.sub.22] = 1.0), the genetic variances (equal to the heritabilities) are [G.sub.11] = [G.sub.22] = 0.5, the phenotypic covariance [P.sub.12] = 0.5, and the genetic co-variance
[G.sub.12] = 0.05.
Here, [COV.sub.P] is the total phenotypic covariance, [COV.sub.E] is the environmental covariance, and [COV.sub.mat] is the maternal co-variance