closed shop

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closed shop

a requirement that all employees in a given workplace or organization be members of a specified TRADE UNION. There are two types of closed shop:
  1. pre-entry closed shop, where union membership is necessary to gain employment;
  2. post-entry closed shop, where union membership is necessary once employment has commenced.

The pre-entry closed shop, traditionally found in parts of the printing and food wholesaling industries, was often unilaterally imposed by unions, whereas the post-entry closed shop has often been formally recognized in Union Membership Agreements with managements. Many managers found the post-entry closed shop advantageous since it helped to ensure that union representatives speak for all employees. However, it can be viewed as an infringement of individual rights. See CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT.

closed shop

a requirement that all employees in a given workplace or ORGANIZATION be members of a specified TRADE UNION. Closed shops are often imposed by powerful trade unions as a means of restricting the supply of labour and maintaining high wage rates for members. See SUPPLY-SIDE ECONOMICS.
References in periodicals archive ?
Closed shops certainly gave employees massive negotiating muscle.
The American Federation of Labor (AFL) was dominant in Pacific shipyards, especially in the United States, and favoured closed shops.
At some point these closed shops will have to be opened to competition and the police will have to ensure that the disruption caused by the inevitable protests is kept to a minimum.
The 1980 Social Security Act reduced the benefits paid to strikers' families and the codes of practice on picketing and closed shops introduced in 1980 imposed additional restrictions on the numbers and conduct of pickets and on the operation of closed shop agreements.
Now he's a mute ex-con who breaks into closed shops at night and benevolently accosts passersby into becoming his customers/victims.
The 1980 Act also attempted to ensure that future closed shops would only come into existence with the overwhelming support of the employees affected.
Versatel therefore fears that the scenario of the closed shops arrangement, as it expressed in both the court case and the EU complaint, is now materializing in the Netherlands.
Sindhiani Tehreek, the women wing of the QAT, staged protest demonstrations in Thatta and Sujawal burning tyres on National Highway and forcibly closed shops.
1989: The Labour Party, under Neil Kinnock, above, abandons its policy on trade union closed shops in line with European legislation.
Factory closed shops WE now increasingly have the closed shop.
JWP activists forcefully closed shops in few areas and resorted to aerial firing due to which police took arms from them at Jungson chowk
After their letter was ignored, the store was built and we can now see the result of closed shops and the general decaying of this area.