See Ace Ratcliff, 'I Rely on Closed Captions
to Enjoy a Show and I Don't Appreciate Netflix's Way of Censoring Them', SELF, 10 July 2018, <https://www.self.com/story/queer-eye-netflix-closed-captions>, accessed 24 April 2019.
Where Asia-Pacific is concerned, he points out that there are audiences who are less proficient in English, and thus are watching their favourite local programmes with English closed captions
At the time of writing, SBS only offers captions on its OnDemand website, with the implementation of closed captions
for the SBS On Demand apps currently in development.
are sent over the normal broadcast signal.
Synchronized Media Integration Language (SMIL): SMIL is a multimedia format that allows authors to attach closed captions
and audio descriptions to audio or video components.
However, the "Decoder Circuitry Act of 1990" mandates that by July 1, 1993 all televisions sold in the United States with a screen 13" or larger must contain a decoder chip; the decoder chip bypasses the need for a separate decoder and allows users to use a regular VCR and TV monitor to disclose closed captions
on the screen.
Most teleconferences are assisted by either an on-site captioner who provides closed captions
instantaneously or a sign language translator.
Considering subtitles and closed captions
to be a "vital part" of Netflix's member experience, the company also sees these functions as an extension of the content itself, stresses Dennis Sheehan, director, content localisation and quality control, Netflix.
enable deaf and hard-of-hearing individuals to access the audio components of the audio/video experience.
This in-depth documentary includes closed captions
, scene selection, and printable material for educators.
The DVD format allows for scene selection, closed captions
, and even access to the "Mystery!" web site.