closed shop

(redirected from Close shop)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia.

closed shop

a requirement that all employees in a given workplace or organization be members of a specified TRADE UNION. There are two types of closed shop:
  1. pre-entry closed shop, where union membership is necessary to gain employment;
  2. post-entry closed shop, where union membership is necessary once employment has commenced.

The pre-entry closed shop, traditionally found in parts of the printing and food wholesaling industries, was often unilaterally imposed by unions, whereas the post-entry closed shop has often been formally recognized in Union Membership Agreements with managements. Many managers found the post-entry closed shop advantageous since it helped to ensure that union representatives speak for all employees. However, it can be viewed as an infringement of individual rights. See CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT.

closed shop

a requirement that all employees in a given workplace or ORGANIZATION be members of a specified TRADE UNION. Closed shops are often imposed by powerful trade unions as a means of restricting the supply of labour and maintaining high wage rates for members. See SUPPLY-SIDE ECONOMICS.
References in periodicals archive ?
ISLAMABAD -- Government has agreed to the demand of business community and has allowed them to close shops in Islamabad by 10:00 pm.
Cabinets Energy Conservation Committee had taken decision on 8th April 2015 under the Chair of Prime Minister to close shops in Islamabad by 8 pm as a part of energy conservation measures.
Khaled Maimany, a member of the committee, said the decision to close shops at 9 p.
In a statement issued on Monday, he said, all necessary measures would be adopted for the protection of business community and law would take its course against those forcing shopkeepers to close shops.
It is within a short walk of the sea front, Whitley Bay Playhouse, the library and children's play area, and close shops and other amenities plus the Metro and local bus routes.
She added: "We have to close shops because of the weather and cannot expect people to come in and without volunteers being able to come in and help out we can't open.
Mr Murphy said Labour councils would take action to remove licences and to close shops that sell alcohol to under-18s and close pubs with persistent crime and drug-dealing problems.