closed shop

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closed shop

a requirement that all employees in a given workplace or organization be members of a specified TRADE UNION. There are two types of closed shop:
  1. pre-entry closed shop, where union membership is necessary to gain employment;
  2. post-entry closed shop, where union membership is necessary once employment has commenced.

The pre-entry closed shop, traditionally found in parts of the printing and food wholesaling industries, was often unilaterally imposed by unions, whereas the post-entry closed shop has often been formally recognized in Union Membership Agreements with managements. Many managers found the post-entry closed shop advantageous since it helped to ensure that union representatives speak for all employees. However, it can be viewed as an infringement of individual rights. See CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT.

closed shop

a requirement that all employees in a given workplace or ORGANIZATION be members of a specified TRADE UNION. Closed shops are often imposed by powerful trade unions as a means of restricting the supply of labour and maintaining high wage rates for members. See SUPPLY-SIDE ECONOMICS.
References in periodicals archive ?
But should the agency close shop? Surely part of the answer depends on how it has done in terms of its primary objective, the recovery of ill-gotten wealth of the Marcoses and their cronies.
In Kozhikode, the BJP-Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) workers who attempted to forcibly close shops in the Mithai Street, met with stiff opposition from the shopkeepers.
The district administration has asked shopkeepers in Raja Bazaar to close shops from Monday evening.
The trench coat maker, whose adverts star top model and actress Cara Delevingne, is to close shops in areas it thinks aren't wealthy enough.
The trench coat maker, whose adverts star top model and actress Cara Delevingne, are to close shops in areas they think aren't wealthy enough.
Islamabad -- Government has agreed to the demand of business community and has allowed them to close shops in Islamabad by 10:00 pm.
Khaled Maimany, a member of the committee, said the decision to close shops at 9 p.m.
It is within a short walk of the sea front, Whitley Bay Playhouse, the library and children's play area, and close shops and other amenities plus the Metro and local bus routes.