Civil Rights Act of 1964


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Civil Rights Act of 1964

Legislation in the United States that prohibited racial discrimination in government, education and employment. It prohibited businesses from refusing to serve persons on the basis of race and it required judges to apply voter registration requests equally to all races. It invalidated state laws establishing racial segregation, and had the effect in some states of requiring school districts to bus students to other districts to conform to racial quotas. The Act is considered a landmark of the American civil rights movement.

Civil Rights Act of 1964

On November 27, 1963, newly sworn-in President Lyndon Johnson

called for the passage of a new civil rights bill, as a tribute to the late President John F. Kennedy, who had been assassinated only weeks earlier. The resulting bill was signed into law on July 7, 1964, with a stated purpose: “To enforce the constitutional right to vote, to confer jurisdiction upon the district courts of the United States to provide injunctive relief against discrimination in public accommodations, to authorize the Attorney General to institute suits to protect constitutional rights in public facilities and public education,to extend the Commission on Civil Rights,to prevent discrimination in federally assisted programs, to establish a Commission on Equal Employment Opportunity, and for other purposes.” It has come to be identified with halting discrimination in public accommodations—restaurants, hotels, and other public facilities.

References in periodicals archive ?
In 2014, fifty years after the enactment of the Act, which sought to end segregation in public places and ban employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex and national origin, we must reflect and ask--has the Civil Rights Act of 1964 lived up to its promise?
Constitution ensconced these ideas in the Fourteenth Amendment, and it was pursuant to this power that Congress enacted the Civil Rights Act of 1964, turning the page of history against legal and institutionalized discrimination, and fulfilling our civic duty to stop this type of insidious harm.
DOJ has released a DVD about Title VI obligations, "Understanding and Abiding by Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
It did take a President's signature to bring the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to fruition.
It also provides access to federal civil rights laws, including the ADA, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, civil rights opinions from the U.
But a national Hispanic advocacy group is warning administrators to be clear: Even if a teacher, cafeteria worker, receptionist or bus driver discriminates against anyone based on race, ethnicity, national origin or language, the entire district--if it receives any federal funding--could be violating Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and could lose its money.
Thus, resentment from the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and sustained federal interventionism ran so deep that in the space of less than twenty years, southern whites abandoned the party of their ancestors (something not easily done by southerners) and embraced the party of Lincoln, remade in the image of Barry Goldwater (139).
Her brave action, and the nonviolent protests that followed, led to the passage of new laws protecting the rights of black citizens, including the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
It would culminate a decade after the Montgomery bus boycott in federal legislation aimed at guaranteeing equal rights to black Americans, including the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
Board of Education, and voted for federal civil rights bills in 1957 and 1960--staked out a brave but subsequently misconstrued libertarian objection to the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
The legal reason is that the UM case was based on the Constitution, but the court has ruled that under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 the same standards apply to all institutions that receive federal financial assistance, including federal student financial aid, so that includes private institutions as well as public," she says.
2122) would provide tax incentives to businesses that establish private lactation areas in the workplace and would amend the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to provide protections for breast-feeding mothers at work.