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Statistical composite that measures changes in the economy or in financial markets, often expressed in percentage changes from a base year or from the previous month. Indexes measure the ups and downs of stock, bond, and some commodities markets, in terms of market prices and weighting of companies in the index.


A statistical measure of the value of a certain portfolio of securities. The portfolio may be for a certain class of security, a certain industry, or may include the most important securities in a given market, among other options. The value of an index increases when the aggregate value of the underlying securities increases, and decreases when the aggregate value decreases. An index may track stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and any other security or investment vehicle, including other indices. An index's value may be weighted; for example, securities with higher prices or greater market capitalization may affect the index's value more than others. One of the most prominent examples of an index is the Dow Jones Industrial Average, which is weighted for price and tracks 30 stocks important in American markets.


The relative value of a variable in comparison with itself on a different date. Many security price indicators such as the Standard & Poor's series and the New York Stock Exchange series are constructed as indexes. Also called stock index. See also base period.


To adjust a variable by a selected measure of relative value. For example, it has been proposed that an investor's basis on a security be indexed for changes in consumer prices so that only real increases in value will be taxed. Also called tax indexing. See also subindex.


An index reports changes up or down, usually expressed as points and as a percentage, in a specific financial market, in a number of related markets, or in an economy as a whole.

Each index -- and there are a large number of them -- measures the market or economy it tracks from a specific starting point. That point might be as recent as the previous day or many years in the past.

For those reasons, indexes are often used as performance benchmarks against which to measure the return of investments that resemble those tracked by the index.

A market index may be calculated arithmetically or geometrically. That's one reason two indexes tracking similar markets may report different results. Further, some indexes are weighted and others are not.

Weighting means giving more significance to some elements in the index than to others. For example, a market capitalization weighted index is more influenced by price changes in the stock of its largest companies than by price changes in the stock of its smaller companies.


(1) A statistical indicator that measures changes in the economy in general or in particular areas.An example is the cost-of-living index.(2) A reference point against which measurements are taken for purposes of making future adjustments.An adjustable-rate mortgage might begin with an interest rate of 6 percent and provide that it will increase or decrease in a like percentage as the increase or decrease between today's quoted price for 10-year U.S.Treasury bonds and the price on the loan's annual anniversary date.We would say that 10-year T-bonds are the index.

Some leading loan indices include

• Wall Street Journal prime
• Federal discount rate
• Fed funds rate
• 11th District Cost of Funds
• 10-year Treasuries
• One-year LIBOR

References in periodicals archive ?
Our application for the reinstatement of the Citation index would be reviewed in 2 years time.
2) What was the total missed percentage by each citation index regardless of indexing (the paper or cited by paper).
Therefore, these research fields are covered fairly well by the source journals of the WoS citation indexes, in particular those of the Science Citation Index (SCI) [4].
Since the 1960s--with the creation of the Science Citation Index (SCI), the Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) and the Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI)--, FI and other indexes have been the objects of generalized controversy and a few mistakes in their use (STREHL; SANTOS, 2002).
Eligible studies were retrieved from Medline, EmBase, Science Citation Index, and the Cochrane database.
Uluslararasi bilimsel dergilerde yayinlanan makale sayisi ve ozellikle de Science Citation Index (SCI), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) ve Arts & Humanities Citation Index (AHCI) gibi fen bilimleri, sosyal bilimler ve sanat-insani bilimler atif dizinlerince taranan dergilerde basilan yayin sayisi ile bu yayinlara diger makalelerde yapilan atif sayisi ulkelerin bilim alaninda dunyadaki yerini belirler, ulkelerin ve universitelerin bilimsel niteliklerinin karsilastirilabilmesini saglar ve bir bilim insaninin akademik performansini gosteren bir olcut olarak degerlendirilir (1).
Since the beginning of 2009, Turkish Journal of Hematology has been accepted to Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE).
A literature review of the papers concerning amebiasis infection in Thailand was performed, using the database of published works cited in the Index Medicus and Science Citation Index.
Prior to the introduction of the impact factor, a scientific citation index (SCI) was used which was generally biased towards journals with a high publication number (Garfield 2006).
A citation index lists about 16,000 citations to this extraordinary book.
A social science citation index through ISI Web of Knowledge (Thompson ISI.