Circuit Court

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Related to Circuit courts: Judicial circuit

Circuit Court

A generic name for a court in several jurisdictions. Circuit courts have a variety of duties. For example, in the U.S. State of Louisiana, circuit courts are appellate courts, while in the state of Alabama they are courts with original jurisdiction.
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V, [section]5, gives the legislature the "exclusive authority to provide for the manner of appeals from the county court to the circuit court." (5) Article V, [section]5(b), provides that the "circuit courts shall have original jurisdiction not vested in the county courts, and jurisdiction of appeals when provided by general law." (6) The same section also provides that circuit courts shall have the power to issue writs of mandamus, quo warranto, certiorari, prohibition, habeas corpus, and "all writs necessary or proper to complete exercise of their jurisdiction." (7)
The circuit court entered an order sentencing Botkin to five years for each violation of Code 18.2-308.2(A), with three years suspended on each sentence.
The 8th Circuit court is the first to rule that the government's religious freedom accommodation is not enough, and that forcing organizations to offer contraceptive coverage --even indirectly--violates their religious rights.
During the past years, the ministry had introduced various specialised circuit courts at the federal level.
The IRS won its case in Tax Court in 1978 and the estate appealed to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals.
Since then, three other appeals courts have ruled against the practice; these are two state Supreme Courts (New York and Tennessee) and the federal 7th Circuit Court in Wisconsin.
The circuit court held that the student loans were marital and allocated 25 percent of the loans to Wife and 75 percent to Husband.
For example, the Third District clearly held that Rule 9.331 "is not directed to circuit courts sitting in their appellate capacity." (26) Despite Rule 9.331's explicit reference to district courts, attorneys have nonetheless filed motions requesting that circuit courts conduct en banc hearings.
Of the three circuit courts that have ruled on this issue (discussed below), two agreed with the Tax Court, but one allowed a flail deduction for such fees.
The district court noted a split among the few circuit courts that have ruled in such cases.
(13) Its decision was clearly a minority view among federal circuit courts at the time.
V, [section] 5(b), the circuit courts have "direct review of administrative action prescribed by general law." This direct review can be exercised only when a statute creates the requisite jurisdiction.

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