She applied for the child-raising
allowance for this period, but her application was rejected by the Land of North Rhine-Westphalia, on the grounds that Mrs Geven did not have her permanent or ordinary residence in Germany and was not in a contractual employment relationship of at least 15 hours a week.
In 2003, the Koizumi administration enacted a law obliging local governments and business enterprises to work out action plans to support child-raising
and took measures against the dwindling number of children, including allowances for children and nursery schools, and subsidies for enterprises.
Just as the Supreme Soviet decree made pregnancy and child-raising
an unmarried woman's sole legal responsibility and liberated men from taking responsibility for children they had fathered with single women, it left many biological fathers in the awkward position of contemplating the adoption of their own children so as to secure legal rights and obligations.
Can the principles of twelve-step programs be applied to child-raising
? The answer, echoed by thousands of parents who have done so and reaped the rewards, is yes.
"Child-saving agencies removed children from parents on the basis of culturally biased standards of child-raising
. Even when the agencies committed themselves to not removing children for poverty alone, they could not keep this promise because poverty is never alone; rather, it often comes packaged with depression and anger, poor nutrition and housekeeping, lack of education and medical care, leaving children alone, exposing children to improper influences."
After that, either parent can get a child-raising
allowance of $430 a month (plus the additional "child money" paid for all children) until the child is 2 years old.