Chalder


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Chalder

An obsolete Scottish unit of dry volume. For beans, grass seed, peas, rye, salt, and wheat, one chalder was approximately equivalent to 2,324.9 liters. For barley, malt, and oats, however, it was approximately equivalent to 3,362.5 liters.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chalder T., Berelowitz G., Pawlikowska T., Watts L., Wessely S., Wright D., & Wallace E.
The coprimary end points of fatigue and physical functioning were measured with the patient-reported Chalder fatigue questionnaire and the Short Form-36 physical function subscale.
The coprimary end points of fatigue and physical functioning were measured using the patient-reported Chalder fatigue questionnaire and the Short Form-36 physical function subscale.
Sabe-se que, nas famílias multiproblemáticas, há maiores chances de um indivíduo ter uma infância infeliz e o uso do álcool estaria associado à necessidade do indivíduo de se refugiar das frustrações, da realidade ou de esquecer os problemas (Araújo e Gomes, 1998; Vaillant, 1999; Nascimento e Justo, 2000; Gallego et al., 2005; Souza et al., 2005; Chalder et al., 2006).
Chalder Fatigue Scale The Chalder Fatigue Scale (Chalder et al., 1993) produces a score for total fatigue.
Symptoms such as fatigue (Deale, Chalder, Marks, & Wessely, 1997; Sharpe, 1997), panic (Ost & Westling, 1995; Pollack, Otto, Kaspi, Hammerness, & Rosembaum, 1994), insomnia (Morin, Kowatch, Barry, & Walton, 1993), pain and joint swelling (Radojevic, Nicassio, & Weisman, 1992) are responsive to CB approaches.
Articles have been written describing the use of cognitive and psychological therapeutic techniques in overcoming CFS symptoms (Burke, 1992; Butler, Chalder, Ron, & Wessely, 1991; Friedberg & Krupp, 1994; Hayden, 1991; Lloyd et al, 1993; Rikard-Bell & Waters, 1992).
For example, Wessely, Butler, Chalder & David (1991) suggest that several different responses may be triggered by the initial illness (e.g.
Participants who did Chalder Fatigue Scale (CFS) score over 19 within the last month or body pain score as assessed by the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) score 40 mm at any time within the previous month were excluded.
We included a validated questionnaire to measure the severity of fatigue--the Chalder Fatigue Questionnaire (CFQ), which has been used in several studies before.
Fisher, L., Cairns, H.S., Amir-Ansari, B.E.H.Z.A.D., Scobile, J.E., Chalder, T., & Treasure, J.