Following the conversion within the company's fully diluted capital, there is no net effect on the available share capital (headroom), which is however improved slightly by the cashless exercise
of warrants to 142,906,743 shares.
There is no cashless exercise
. Unexercised warrants in brokerage accounts are paid off electronically when scheduled through DTCC without election and without any further warrant holder action needed.
Effective 5 April 2016, HEC has issued 2,930,232 shares to TINA upon TINA's cashless exercise
of a warrant to purchase up to 7m shares at USD 0.15 per share.
In addition, holders commonly engage in a "cashless exercise
," whereby they borrow the strike price from the employer and then repay the loan out of the proceeds from the sale of the underlying stock.
The warrants are immediately exercisable, expire three years after issuance, have a cashless exercise
feature, and may be exercised to purchase unregistered shares of the company's common stock at an exercise price of USD0.75 per share.
The IRS held that a taxpayer's cashless exercise
of stock options resulted in taxable income to the taxpayer and a compensation deduction for the company that issued the options.
The Class B warrants are exercisable automatically on their expiration date by cashless exercise
, or expire without exercise.
Note that since options are exercised at an average fair market value, a cashless exercise
may create a gain or loss since the sale of the stock would occur on the open market at the prevailing stock price.
Cashless exercise--An alternative funding approach is the cashless exercise
of the options in which the executive short-sells the shares.
While most employees choose the cashless exercise
, whereby the underlying shares are sold in their entirety, some executives may wish to acquire all the shares in order to build ownership.
The company has revisited its option plan provisions and rescinded the "cashless exercise