carryforward

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Carryforward

In accounting, a way for a company to reduce its tax liability by applying losses to future tax years in which the company makes a profit. That is, carryforward allows companies to apply losses to profits that have not yet occurred and thereby reduce the taxes they pay on those profits. Carryforward is limited to seven years. For example, suppose a company loses $500,000 in year one, then nets $1,000,000 in year five. The company may carry forward the losses and only be liable for taxes on $500,000 of its profit in year five.

Independent contractors who file Schedule C with the IRS are required to use carryforwards, which is useful since most independent contractors lose money in their first few years of business. Some publicly-traded companies opt not to use it, as appearing to reduce profits may scare off potential investors who do not realize that the profits upon which taxes are paid do not equal the company's actual profits.

carryforward

1. A business operating loss that, for tax purposes, may be claimed a certain number of years in the future, often up to 15 years. Thus, a loss in one year would be carried forward to a future year and used to offset profits up to the amount of the carryforward. Carryforwards are especially useful to firms operating in cyclical industries such as transportation. Also called tax loss carryforward.
2. In taxation of individuals, net capital losses exceeding the annual limit of $3,000 that may be carried to succeeding years so as to offset capital gains or ordinary income. There is no limit on the amount of capital losses that may be used to offset capital gains in any one year, only on the amount of losses in excess of gains that may be used to offset income. Also called carryover.
References in periodicals archive ?
"In its ruling, however, the administrative court of appeal found that tax loss carry-forwards were limited to SEK72m as a result of the ownership changes that occurred in SCD Invest AB during 1997," Kinnevik said.
Capital losses can be carried forward five years to offset future capital gains and back three years to offset prior capital gains for all corporations, Again, in order to determine the amount of the deferred tax asset, you must multiply your capital loss carry-forward by the effective tax rate and then compute how much of the asset may be admitted.
Unlike the net operating loss carry-forward and the capital loss carry-forward, the alternative minimum tax credit does not have to be multiplied by the effective tax rate.