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capital marketsee STOCK MARKET.
capital marketthe market for long-term company LOAN CAPITAL and SHARE CAPITAL and government BONDS. The capital market together with the MONEY MARKET (which provides short-term funds) are the main sources of external finance to industry and government. The financial institutions involved in the capital market include the CENTRAL BANK, COMMERCIAL BANKS, the saving-investing institutions (INSURANCE COMPANIES, PENSION FUNDS, UNIT TRUSTS and INVESTMENT TRUST COMPANIES), ISSUING HOUSES and MERCHANT BANKS.
New share capital is most frequently raised through issuing houses or merchant banks, which arrange for the sale of shares on behalf of client companies. Shares can be issued in a variety of ways, including: directly to the general public by way of an ‘offer for sale’ (or an ‘introduction’) at a prearranged fixed price; an ‘offer for sale by TENDER’, where the issue price is determined by averaging out the bid prices offered by prospective purchasers of the share subject to a minimum price bid; a RIGHTS ISSUE of shares to existing shareholders at a fixed price; a placing of the shares at an arranged price with selected investors, often institutional investors. See STOCK EXCHANGE.