This neocolonial form involves Korea's dependence on US finance to rebuild its economy, the proliferation of the US military presence as exemplified by camptowns
, the infiltration of US images and ideas through the process Edward Said (1993) has coined "cultural imperialism" and, later, through immigrants traveling abroad, seeking more opportunities in light of instability engendered by economic reconstruction.
Korea Relations (New York: Columbia University Press, 1997), discusses dancing in the camptowns
surrounding American military bases in South Korea throughout postcolonial history.
Particularly from the 1950s through the 1980s, when traditional Confucian values dominated social relations, such women lived literally outside the confines of "normal" society, in camptowns originally set up to accommodate American troops and to demarcate "pure" Korean society from foreign "impurities.
Once a woman went into the camptowns, it was nearly impossible for her to rejoin the larger Korean society.
Chapter two documents the innumerous atrocities of the Korean War and shows the conditions that led some women to become sex workers in camptowns
The number of so-called entertainment workers with health certificates, required to enter and work in the camptowns, reached around 30,000 in the 1960s and remained around 20,000 in the 1970s and 1980s, amounting to approximately one sex worker for every two to three soldiers at that time.
military government continued to regulate prostitutes and control the spread of STDs among its troops by utilizing the infrastructure initially created by the Japanese, but now shifting public brothels to camptowns near bases and delegating responsibility for the medical surveillance of prostitutes to local authorities.
forces in Korea began as soon as Korea was liberated, when the United States took over the remains of Japan's colonial infrastructure and adopted policies to control STDs that tolerated the concentration of gijichon prostitution in camptowns near bases.
military camptowns are supposed to receive regular health examinations, including an HIV test every three months, at designated clinics.
She offers an extensive discussion of the South Korean camptowns and the complex relationships between an impoverished Korea and a wealthy, powerful America.
And while many of them met their husbands while working on military bases as clerical staff or in other civilian jobs or while taking English classes taught by servicemen, all of the Korean wives live in the shadow of those camptowns.
Bai starts to tell oral historian Ji-YeonYuh that 80 to 90 percent of the military brides from Korea are former camptown women, the bar hostesses and prostitutes who inhabit the well-organized, militarily regulated red-light districts adjacent to major U.