After adjusting for factors that could affect the results, such as age, sex, smoking and other medical conditions, healthy people without CVD
benefited the most from doing 0-499 MET-mins/week of exercise.
The risk of death among totally sedentary people without CVD
was 27% higher than among those who performed the most physical activity.
For participants in the lowest third of CVD
risk, by both Framingham and ASCVD scores, there was no disability-free survival or cardiovascular benefit from aspirin.
Major heart associations responded that low-dose ASA should not be used for primary prevention of CVD
in adults of any age who are at increased risk for bleeding, or anyone age 70 or older.
A comprehensive region-wise analysis in the report published by Global Info Research also enumerates recent 'CVD
Diamond Market' trends within specific countries across regions for the period 2019-2024.
This, say the researchers, would qualify 8.6 million patients for treatment, but could avoid the 322,921 CVD
One severe CVD
event requiring hospitalization or ED care occurred for every 406 (95 percent CI, 303-580) new LABA users and 391 (95 percent CI, 254-725) new LAMA users during the first 30 days of therapy.
Dr Fahd Baslaib, interventional cardiologist and CEO of Rashid Hospital said: "High cholesterol is one of the main reasons for CVDs
and we know that plaque build-up in arteries is triggered by smoking.
After 117,218 person-years of follow-up, the investigators observed 2,701 depression diagnoses, 610 deaths tied to CVD
without prior depression, and 231 deaths associated with CVD
Fatimi who also heads the Heart, Lungs and Vascular service line at AKUH, mentioning that CVD
, often referred to as lifestyle disease, is a general term for all diseases of the heart and circulation, including coronary heart disease, angina, heart attack, congenital heart disease and stroke.
Dr Saulat Fatimi, a cyclist and an acclaimed cardiac surgeon who heads the Heart, Lungs and Vascular service line at AKUH, said: 'Given the scale of the CVD
problem, there is an urgent need to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease deaths in Pakistan'.
Results: In patients without history of cardiovascular disease (CVD
), 92.1% had one or more CVD
risk factors, and the most common CVD
risk factor was dyslipidemia.