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A measure of inflation. See: Consumer Price Index.

Consumer Price Index

A measure of inflation in the United States that considers what people spend on staple goods and services. It is calculated by taking the average of changes in price to a basket of goods and services compiled by the U.S. Department of Labor. The goods and services in the basket are weighted according to their perceived importance. The CPI is considered a primary tool in determining how people are experiencing inflation.


Consumer price index (CPI).

The consumer price index (CPI) is compiled monthly by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics and is a gauge of inflation that measures changes in the prices of basic goods and services.

Some of the things it tracks are housing, food, clothing, transportation, medical care, and education.

The CPI is used as a benchmark for making adjustments in Social Security payments, wages, pensions, and tax brackets to keep them in tune with the buying power of the dollar. It's often incorrectly referred to as the cost-of-living index.


See consumer price index.

References in periodicals archive ?
Something had to be done, and for those with negotiating leverage the answer was to change the CPI formula
8) This figure represents the average of the adjustment factors used in the CPI from 1988 to 1999.
Upper-level substitution bias arises from substitution among these items that is not captured by the CPI, such as between chicken and beef or between breakfast cereal and other breakfast items.
While we wait for government bureaucrats to come up with an accurate interpretation of typical consumer behavior on which to base the CPI, let me pose my own version.
But progress isn't as obvious as it was in the earlier, poorer eras when the CPI was developed.
Indeed, TEI believes that if the CPI concept is applied widely and mechanically, foreign governments may retaliate by raising more transfer pricing issues for U.
For the 12 months ended July 2017, the Composite CPI was on average 1.
Because of this underweighting of a significant expense component, even a 15% annualized increase in prescription costs will have only a negligible impact on the annual CPI rate.
Some observers who are skeptical that the bias in the CPI could be very large have noted that the evidence on the magnitude of unmeasured quality change and the importance of new items bias is incomplete and inconclusive.
Hawley says the CPI process offers several advantages over GMT sheet, including ability to mold more complex parts.