CKD


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CKD (completely knocked down)

a kit supplied either for self-assembly by a final customer (for example, a do-it-yourself kitchen flat pack) or for assembly by a firm as part of a manufacturing operation.
References in periodicals archive ?
While effective treatments exist for the more than 30 million Americans with CKD, nearly 50 percent of such patients analyzed from 2006 to 2014 continued to suffer from uncontrolled hypertension and 40 percent from uncontrolled diabetes, the researchers said.
Sri Lekha Tummalapalli, M.D., from the University of California in San Francisco, and colleagues conducted a cross-sectional study of visits to office-based ambulatory care practices for adults with diagnosed CKD from 2006 to 2014.
The association between the stage of chronic kidney disease (CKD) with the mentioned four parameters was studied and compared.
The researchers believe that high temperatures, caused by climate change, and pesticides, such as glyphosate, could play a role in this chronic disease "epidemic." Sri Lankan farmers exposed to glyphosate showed a high risk for CKD. The researchers also investigated heavy metals, such as lead and cadmium, which are common culprits of kidney injury in Sri Lanka and Central America.
As part of the study, a team of researchers set out to investigate the relation between preterm birth and risk of CKD from childhood into mid-adulthood.
He said that according to a recent research conducted at PIMS, the annual incidence of new cases of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) was 100 per million population in Pakistan while diabetes was the leading cause of CKD.
The incidence of CKD is rising in Pakistan and South Asian countries due to disparity in available healthcare services, lack of health education and primary healthcare, inadequate healthcare budget and absence of any established mechanism for screening of common risk factors for CKD such as diabetes and hypertension.
A study using orally administered pH monitoring capsules and serum gastrin measurements in cats with naturally occurring CKD and healthy control cats found no difference in either gastric pH or serum gastrin concentrations between these two groups.
Most of the people had inadequate knowledge about health-care provision due to lack of health education and, most importantly, the increasing prevalence of risk factors for CKD such as diabetes and hypertension.
Anaemia caused by CKD is associated with cardiovascular disease, hospitalisation, cognitive impairment and reduced quality of life, and has been shown consistently to increase the mortality risk in patients with CKD.
In 1990, CKD was ranked as the 27th leading cause of death in the Global Burden of Disease study, (2) moving up to 18th in 2010 (3), 13th in 2013 (2), and 12th by 2015.
Data of 520 CKD patients from electronic medical databases of a tertiary referral hospital between July 2014 and July 2016 were collected retrospectively to perform the statistical prediction; those were diagnosed pathologically including MLN ( n = 120), FSGS ( n = 122), MN ( n = 141), and IgAN ( n = 137).