Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated most often with critical incidents experienced by law
enforcement officers, (6) but many other diagnostic criteria could be linked to stressful incidents, including such disorders as adjustment, mood, anxiety, impulse-control, and substance abuse/dependence.
It teaches stress management; examines stress-related issues, such as domestic violence and suicide, (5) in televised forums and publications; and is developing an early warning tool for detecting excessive stress reactions by law
4 For a discussion of the general ethical issues surrounding the use of deception by law
enforcement, see Jerome H.
The relevance of departmental policy also can depend upon whether a legal duty, or standard of conduct, is clearly delineated by law
, or whether it is determined by reference to custom or practice.
The Court in Leon reaffirmed that the exclusionary rule is a judicially created remedy designed to deter police misconduct.(8) Moreover, because the exclusionary rule is a creation of the Court and not specifically mandated by the Constitution, its application in a particular case is an issue separate from whether a constitutional right has been violated by law
This material, perhaps best known by its trademark Kevlar, weaved its way into the soft body armor worn by law
This conflict culminated in a series of three Supreme Court decisions that defined the parameters of the first amendment's newsgathering privilege.(1) Essentially, the Supreme Court held that the constitutional right of the media to access the news is no greater than that of the general public and that law enforcement can prevent the media from obtaining access to information or areas generally not available to the public.(2) However, once the media acquires the information, the constitutional right to publish is virtually insurmountable,(3) and any attempt by law
enforcement to prevent dissemination will be presumed invalid.(4)
Constitutional and statutory principles impact on the hiring standards established by law
Soon, however, this cumbersome manual process used by law
enforcement agencies to record crime data will be relegated to the annals of law enforcement history.