Some of the nanotechnology materials and processes with space applications include nanoparticles; CNTs or buckytubes
; nanosensors; infrared sensors; nanolithography; nanoelectronics; MEMS devices; nanomemories at molecular densities; nanobatteries; bio-nano robots; Atomic Force Microscope-based nanorobotic systems; nanostructured optoelectronics; two dimensional nanomanipulation with three dimensional nanomanipulation on the horizon; and the process of self-assembly.
However, the step from partially filled buckytubes
to "quantum" wires so narrow that electrons must, in effect, pass down them in single file remains a large one.
Karohl from Unidym says that while Buckytubes
(SWCNTs) can make polymer composites electrically conductive without the loss of physical properties such as toughness, they can also enable the formulation of entirely new products, such as flexible, clear, and conductive films for use in electronics (e.g.
* A large number of applications will need thermoplastic film filled with nanoparticulates, nanofibers, nanotubes, "Buckytubes
," nanowhiskers, and combinations of particulated fillers and reinforcements, allowing the creation of materials with "many faces" typical for different composites.
, in turn, could line up side by side to form bundles, or ropes.