loss

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Related to Bone loss: osteopenia

Loss

The opposite of gain.

Loss

Extracting less money from a transaction than one put into it. For example, a business' expenses may be $1 million for a year but it may only take in $800,000 in revenue. In such a case, the business has suffered a $200,000 loss. This is not always bad; most businesses lose money in the first few years of operation and this can reduce their tax liability when they do make a profit. However, losses over an extended period of time ultimately result in failure. See also: Gain, Paper Loss, Loss Carryforward, Loss Carryback.

loss

The deficiency of the amount received as opposed to the amount invested in a transaction. Compare gain. See also net loss.

loss

the shortfall between a firm's sales revenues received from the sale of its products and the total costs incurred in producing the firm's output (see BREAK-EVEN ANALYSIS). Losses may be of a temporary nature occasioned by, for example, a downturn in demand (see BUSINESS CYCLE) or due to an exceptional level of expenditures (such as the launch of a series of new products). Short-term losses are usually financed by a firm running down its RESERVES or by an increase in borrowings. Losses which are sustained over time typically arise from a firm's poor competitive position in a market (see COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE), and unless competitiveness can be restored market exit or DIVESTMENT may be the only practical way of remedying the situation. See MARKET SYSTEM.

loss

the difference that arises when a firm's TOTAL REVENUES are less than TOTAL COSTS. In the SHORT RUN, where firms’ total revenues are insufficient to cover VARIABLE COSTS, then they will exit from the market unless they perceive this situation as being temporary. In these circumstances, where firms’ total revenues are sufficient to cover variable costs and make some CONTRIBUTION towards FIXED COSTS, then they will continue to produce despite overall losses. In the LONG RUN, however, unless firms’ revenues are sufficient to cover both variable and fixed costs, then their overall losses will cause them to exit from the market. See MARKET EXIT, LOSS MINIMIZATION, PROFIT-AND-LOSS ACCOUNT.
References in periodicals archive ?
The research team was also not able the find out if easing of social stress can reduce the risk of bone loss.
Most of the bone loss was found in specimen from experimental group C which was exposed to low frequency noise.
This natural bone loss is the reason why osteoporosis is much more common in older people because the older we get the more bone we've lost.
Once again, bone loss occurred throughout the body, most notably in the spine, and was greatest within the first two weeks of fracture.
It turned out that the women taking the probiotic supplement experienced half as much bone loss during that year as did the women in the placebo group.
The bone loss in the surgical patients," Yu said, "occurred despite the fact that they were not losing any more weight in the second year after surgery and had stable blood levels of calcium and vitamin D."
[7] Fibular strut graft was harvested from same side of the leg and used in cases where bone loss was more than 6 cm and above.
The company said a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study in 90 older women showed that supplementation of the probiotic strain Lactobacillus reuteri ATCC PTA 6475 decreased bone loss, as compared to placebo.
'The long term consequences of this substantial bone loss are unclear but it might put them at increased risk of fracture or breaking a bone,' said Elaine Yu, endocrinologist at Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston in the US.
(16) Periapical radiographs were used to measure bone loss between the fixed reference points (17,18) in percentage of the entire root length rather than millimeter measurements (Figures 1 and 2).