Blood Diamond

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Blood Diamond

A diamond used to finance a war or rebellion. Blood diamonds are most common in Africa, where diamonds are plentiful and where there a great deal of conflict has taken place in the late 20th and early 21st centuries. Trade in blood diamonds is illegal. In 2003, the United Nations put in place the Kimberley Process to certify diamonds as legitimate. Blood diamonds are also called conflict diamonds.
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The Kimberley Process is the method set up by the WDC, national governments and NGOs to try to prevent blood diamonds - those used to fund conflicts - getting into international diamond markets.
77) To what extent has the Kimberly Process Certification Scheme been successful in curbing trade of blood diamonds to fuel armed conflict in Angola, Sierra Leone and Zimbabwe?
Through news reports and the film Blood Diamond most people are aware of the trade in diamonds in order to support military conflict.
Campbell was summoned by prosecutors to support their allegations that Taylor received blood diamonds from rebels in Sierra Leone and used them to buy weapons.
But Carole, who Naomi used to call her, 'surrogate mother', said the beauty and the beast were openly chatting about blood diamonds over a dinner table surrounded by celebrities.
Ian Smillie, a Canadian expert on the international trade in blood diamonds who lived in the mining district of eastern Sierra Leone, was the first witness to testify, telling the three-judge panel that diamonds fuelled the war in Sierra Leone.
That movie actually put a lot of wealthy people off blood diamonds and Beyonce (who happens to be black) had to be bribed to put on the ice for an event.
Conflict diamonds, also called blood diamonds because of the blood shed to get them, are not sold with tags identifying them as such.
Initially meant to be a conventional action adventure about two men searching for the same rare gem, director Edward Zwick decided it should evolve into an issue-based drama about the corrupting trade in conflict or blood diamonds, the sale of which has been used to pay for arms in countries at war.
Human rights groups contend blood diamonds currently fuel numerous conflicts and terrorist activities throughout the world.
Amnesty screened an unrelated docu on blood diamonds, followed by a panel discussion.