in 2001, the Bush administration rejects the 1972 Biological Weapons Convention
(BWC) citing 38 problems with it, some called serious; claiming a need to counter chemical and biological weapons threats, it's spending multi-billions illegally to develop, test and stockpile "first-strike" chemical and biological weapons that endanger homeland security and threaten good relations with other countries;
Although a Federal statute permits the president to authorize open-air testing of CBW agents, Boyle said this "does not solve the compliance problem that it might violate the international Chemical Weapons Convention and the Biological Weapons Convention
as well as their related domestic implementing legislation making such violations crimes.
The program was dismantled, the weapons were destroyed, and the United States ratified the Geneva Protocol of 1925 and ascended to the Biological Weapons Convention
Let me take one more specific example of a problematic treaty in the WMD pantheon, the Biological Weapons Convention
The 1972 Biological Weapons Convention
(BWC) aimed to provide a framework for nonproliferation by banning the production and stockpiling of biological weapons.
President Bush has already blocked an attempt to allow the Biological Weapons Convention
to inspect top- secret US plants researching work on biological weapons, including anthrax.
This Administration strongly supports treaties such as the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), the Chemical Weapons Convention, and the Biological Weapons Convention
Bolton gave a speech in January in which he discussed a thorough administration review of the 1972 Biological Weapons Convention
but did not mention Cuba.
He also says Libya has joined the biological weapons convention
in 1982 but continued to seek biological weapons, adding: "Although its programme is in the research and development stage, Libya may be capable of producing small quantities of biological agent".
These international measures must be comprised in a formal and legally binding treaty regime -- hence the significance of considering relevant measures in connection with the Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons Convention (commonly known as the Biological Weapons Convention
or the BWC).
Theoretically, however, there should be no threat of biological warfare, in light of the Biological Weapons Convention
("BWC")--signed April 10, 1972 and entered into force three years later on March 26, 1975 (1)--which bans the development, production, and stockpiling of biological weapons for purposes other than preventive or peaceful reasons.
government advisor Matthew Meselson -- a member of the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) -- wrote in favor of the 1972 global Biological Weapons Convention