Hedging variables Hedger Binary variable
that equals one if the firm uses financial derivatives Linear Binary variable
that equals one if the firm uses linear hedging instruments (i.
For spatial characteristics, variables are included for the lot size, slope, millage rate, distance to the closest city, and length of shoreline; a binary variable
is included indicating if the property is located in Dawson County.
Moreover, education alone appears to explain the (native-born) White-Hispanic underemployment gap, with our binary variable
for native-born Hispanics dropping from significance in model 2.
Column 1 in Table 2 shows the cost of bank loans with the post-sanction binary variable
as the independent variable.
Our variable of interest is non-black, a binary variable
for non-black players, collected from Keefer's (2013) data.
This model includes 2n + (2n + 1)[absolute value of [PSI]] constraints, [absolute value of [PSI]] binary variables
, and 3n standard variables.
ir] is a binary variable
for whether a service member's wages will not be subject to state income taxes at all (Commander Navy Installations Command 2004; Powers 2010).
The second dependent variable is financial records, measured as a binary variable
equal to 1 if the enterprise keeps all business records in a book of accounts or ledger book and 0 otherwise.
We create an interaction variable (NameAd) between the name change binary variable
(NameChange) and advertising expenditures (AdExp) to capture this effect.
In such cases, we can proceed the same as in the case of binary variable
, to giving equal distance values: 0, 1, 2, 3.
A separate binary variable
was constructed for African American students (1) and other students (0).
A binary logistic regression model was fitted using the three predictor variables as categorical independent binary predictors and the GOS as the dependent binary variable