In Eq (2) we want to minimize the expected value of the cost of supply by choosing among three possible options: buy based on spot market prices ([[lambda].sup.B.sub.tw] [E.sup.B.sub.tw]), purchase through bilateral contracts
([[SIGMA].sub.c[member of]CD] [[lambda].sup.B.sub.ctw] [POT.sup.B.sub.cw][d.sub.t]), and self-generation ( [[SIGMA].sup.N.sub.n=1][C.sup.AG.sub.n][E.sup.AG.sub.ntw]).
China and Pakistan have signed many bilateral agreements, like Free Trade Agreement, Bilateral Investment Treaty, Double Taxation Agreements, Customs related agreements/procedures, establishment of Pak-China Joint Investment Company, bilateral contracts
, 5-Year Framework, MOUs in various fields and between various Ministries/Divisions of two countries and the Agreement on Trade in Services.
The main purpose of this paper is to show the impact of firm bilateral contracts
in a security-constrained dispatch.
The Forum generates bilateral contracts
and undertakes projects on a consortia basis - these include engagement with large Indian corporates as well as encouraging more business to business linkages between India and the UK.
1) trading of electricity under bilateral contracts
between the producers and suppliers;
The new electricity law will allow producers and consumers to enter into direct bilateral contracts
for the trading of power.
May 2001 : Swiss voters accept the "Bilateral Contracts
I" between Switzerland and the EU, after five years of negotiation between the Swiss government and the European Union.
It is the best opportunity for implementation of potential, bilateral economic cooperation and also for signing bilateral contracts
, he added.
In time, however, countries began to formalize their consular relations in bilateral contracts
called treaties, conventions, or agreements--all of which carry the binding status of a treaty for purposes of international law.
In market structures where preferences and technologies are convex, the restriction to bilateral contracts
is generally unimportant, but when nonconvexities are severe, it may be impossible to reliably achieve efficiency under the constraint of bilateral contracting (Telser 1987).
The court added that insurance contracts are unlike ordinary bilateral contracts
because the motivation for entering into an insurance contract is different.
The German Government has gone on the record as stating that its line sharing is based on bilateral contracts
between companies rather than on openly published prices.