copyright

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Copyright

The right to distribute, copy, or change an original work for a limited period of time. A state grants copyright to the creator of the work, but the creator may assign or sell the right. During the time the copyright persists, one must (with some exceptions) receive permission from the owner to publish or distribute the copyrighted material. After a certain period of time, any person may distribute the work without permission. See also: Public domain.

copyright

the legal ownership by persons or businesses of certain kinds of material, in particular original literary, dramatic, musical and artistic work; sound recordings, films, broadcasts and cable programmes; the typographical arrangement or layout of a published edition; and computer programs. In the UK, the COPYRIGHT, DESIGNS AND PATENTS ACT 1988 gives legal rights to the creators of copyright material so that they can control the various ways in which their work may be exploited. Copyright protection is automatic and there is no registration or other formality The 1988 Act gives copyright owners protection against unauthorized copying of such material in most cases for a period of 50 years. If copyright is infringed, the copyright owner (or assignee or licensee) may seek an injunction through the courts preventing further abuses, with offenders liable to pay unlimited damages/ fines and prison sentences in extreme cases. See BRAND.

copyright

the ownership of the rights to a publication of a book, manual, newspaper, etc., giving legal entitlement and powers of redress against theft and unauthorized publication or copying. See INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHT.

Copyright

The exclusive legal right to sell, reproduce, or publish a literary, musical, or artistic work.
References in periodicals archive ?
The question was first taken up by the Board of Nordic Farmers' Organizations, and mainly revolved around the Bern Convention requirements for Norway.
integrity; calls on the government to ensure that the transformation of national parks into a state-owned limited company will have no adverse effects on their protection; recognises, in this context, the concerns expressed in the framework of the Ramsar and Bern conventions regarding the special-purpose spatial plan for the Skadar Lake National Park, including the Porto Skadar Lake project; expresses concern about significant delays in establishing protection for areas which are identified as potential Natura 2000 network areas such as the Skadar Lake National Park; recalls the need for sound and strategic environmental impact assessments in line with the EU acquis and international standards.'
Asked to comment, bases spokesman Kristian Gray said: "From 2004, we have implemented every recommendation from the Bern Convention and we are currently commissioning an independent study to look at past studies we've done on how to develop a future plan of action."
"This constitutes a major disappointment after all the 'zero tolerance' promises made by the authorities during the Bern Convention conference in July 2011 in Larnaca," said the group.
Bird Life International took the case to the Bern Convention but the decision was not overturned.
Specifically, its work programme focuses on the illegal trapping and killing of migratory birds, coexistence with large carnivores, the protection of biodiversity and sustainable land use, international agreements such as the Bern Convention and CITES, and animal welfare.
Moreover, the drafted more detailed recommendations will be submitted for adoption by the 31st meeting of the Standing Committee to the Bern Convention to be held in Strasbourg on 29 November -- 2 December 2011.
This tool will subsequently be recommended for formal adoption to the CMS Convention Conference of the Parties that will take place in October this year, and to Standing Committee of the Bern Convention in December.
Background : The Yelkouan shearwater (Puffinus yelkouan), which is endemic to the Central and Eastern Mediterranean region, is listed in Annex I of the Birds Directive and Annex II of the Bern Convention, and accordingly receive special conservation measures across Europe.
Following detailed consultations with the Macedonian electricity generation utility ELEM and relevant authorities in FYR Macedonia, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) is fully accepting the recommendations of the Bern Convention Standing Committee relating to the Mavrovo National Park in FYR Macedonia.
For this reason all four subspecies are included in Appendix II of the Bern Convention, in Annexes II and IVa of the Habitat Directive and in many national classifications as vulnerable, threatened or endangered.