Dreyfuss's designs for the Bell System
, realized in collaboration with the Labs and Western Electric, remain a foundation of today's human/electronic interfaces.
While Fanuc Robotics (Rochester Hills, MI) certainly has one of the industry-leading seven-axis painting robots with its P-200E, and while it is a supplier of both robots and applicators to suppliers of bell systems
, according to Martin D.
Countering that reality, Green maintains, Bell System
managers constructed an idealized image of operators as perfect "ladies" who could placate customers.
'S FINANCIAL DECLINE SINCE 1996 millions of Dollars 1996 2001 Sales $98,434.4 $209,473.0 Net Income $12,304.4 (-$380) EPS $7.4 $0.0 Long-term debt $27,573.5 $138,528.0 Short-term debt $1,883.2 $36,545.0 Fig.
Before the AT&T divestiture in January 1984, employees who transferred from one Bell System
company to another carried with them their credited service and any accrued benefits.
Elsewhere in the Bell System
, however, the mood was somber; Bell people out in the field were shaken and worried about the future.
Meyer provides the history of the telephone from Alexander Graham Bell in 1875 to the dissolution of AT&T's Bell System
in 1984, as well as observations about development and components, those used for commercial services, electrical circuits, and restoration and repair.
Economies of scale, scope and system may have set limits on organization, but both the highly centralized, privately controlled Bell System
and the decentralized, regionally based monopolies of Finland and Denmark produced high levels of telephone diffusion during the "analog era," that is from 1876 until World War II.
Prior to divestiture in 1984, the Bell System
had a virtual monopoly in almost all aspects of telecommunications in the United States--local telephone service, long-distance service and equipment manufacturing.
To understand the European telecom manager's past problems, imagine the United States without the Bell system
and without postdivestiture AT&T, MCI or Sprint.
"For research and development to yield effective results for Bell System
, it has to be done by ...